VT Commodore

The Holden Commodore (VT) are a full size vehicle that was created by the Australian manufacturer Holden from 1997 to 2000. It absolutely was the first version of the 3rd generation with this Australian made model and also the last anyone to be run on a locally made V8 motor (1999). Their number included the blissful luxury alternatives, Holden Berlina (VT) and Holden Calais (VT) not a brand new generation utility version.

Introduced in August 1997, the VT-series represented Holden’s largest development yet. On debut, they won the 1997 tires Car of the season prize, leading to the 4th time this award had been obtained by a Commodore. They found prepared recognition in the market as much buyers steered away from the much more radically designed Ford Falcon (AU), getting the very best attempting to sell Commodore and cementing their destination as first in Australian marketing at its time.

A VT show II (VT II) was launched in 1999, before becoming replaced by the re-styled VX design in 2000. In 1998, the VT formed the foundation of a prototype that became the catalyst the re-introduction in 2001 of this Holden Monaro coup—a nameplate on hiatus since 1977.

The beds base system is the 3.8-litre Ecotec V6 that Holden initially launched using Commodore versus show II, which remained unchanged excluding new fatigue manifolds and the most recent Bosch EV6 gasoline injectors. Independent of the 5.0-litre Holden V8 (which is why Holden invested A$2 million to extract a supplementary 10 kW (13 hp) and 10 N*m (7.4 lb*ft) on the earlier show) and uprated HSV alternatives, the other system offered as an option on the Commodore S and SS, and also the Calais, is the supercharged form of the Ecotec which was also launched using VS II. With its current guise, they generated an increased production of 171 kW (229 hp) as a result of a unique motor administration program with specific cylinder knock-sensor control. The available transmissions, dependent on engine choice, included a four-speed 4L60-E automatic and five-speed Getrag 260 guide (changing Holden’s previous Borg-Warner T5 option) on V6 models therefore the exact same automated or five-speed Getrag 260 and recommended six-speed Tremec T56 manuals on V8 brands. The fuel tank of 75 litres (up 12 litres for the sedan and 7 for the wagon, compared to the versus series, but down 5 litres in accordance with compared to the prior V8 number) is installed in front of the free wheel flooring hole at the rear.

Overall performance and fuel effectiveness had been affected by the new human body, which weighed 166–195 kilograms (366–430 lb) more over the versus series because of its larger size—the sedan becoming respectively up 23 millimetres (0.9 in) in total, 60 millimetres (2.4 in) wide, 47 millimetres (1.9 in) high and 57 millimetres (2.2 in) in wheelbase (and, in accordance with the Opel Omega, with 78 millimetres (3.1 in) and 92 millimetres (3.6 in) wider front side and back tracks). The sedan’s boot capacity was 475 litres (16.8 cu ft), up from versus series’ 443 litres or 15.6 cubic feet, whilst the truck’s greatest wad 2,683 litres (94.7 cu ft). The truck is bigger nonetheless in the respective dimensions listed above by 139 millimetres (5.5 in), 65 millimetres (2.6 in), 123 millimetres (4.8 in) and 150 millimetres (5.9 in). In line with the VT’s preparation chief, Tony Hyde, the crucial dimension ended up being 1,520 millimetres (59.8 in) for the back neck space that was believed to be necessary to keep consitently the Commodore range competitive. In, front people stay 22 millimetres (0.9 in) more apart in accordance with 24 millimetres (0.9 in) more fore-aft seat vacation, while the seating showcased a fresh “Surebond” way to connect chair facings towards backing foam (many obvious on Berlina, Calais and Commodore SS) to get rid of conventional sewing.

The VT show heralded the fitment of semi-trailing supply separate back suspension (IRS) as standard over the range. But whenever originally transported more than, the European design had been simplified aided by the elimination of the toe control connect, standard equipment regarding the six-cylinder Omega since 1987. This design is vulnerable to distorting the suspension system camber angle and toe under heavier loads (example. when pulling or travelling over undulated surfaces), leading to extortionate backside tyre wear. Holden’s efficiency supply HSV re-added the toe controls website link in the leading GTS 300 design, on the basis of the show II improve.

In general, the VT show was regarded an even more basic handler set alongside the previous versus (with all the front MacPherson strut suspension featuring 8 examples of good castor, through the VS show’ 5.5) and most cars went a 26-millimetre (1.0 in) stabiliser bar at the front end, whilst V8s with standard tyres and stiffer FE2 suspension system tune (with 15 per cent stiffer springs and firmer dampers when it comes to Commodore SS) had a 25-millimetre (1.0 in) stabilizer bar. During the rear, the V6 designs have a 15-millimetre (0.6 in) stabilizer club, the V6 Supercharged a 16mm, as well as the V8s a 17mm bar. A regular three-channel Bosch 5.3 anti-lock stopping system (ABS) had been fitted over the number, with forward disks measuring 296 millimetres (11.7 in) in diameter (and 28 millimetres (1.1 in) width), as the back’s respective models are 286 and 16 millimetres (11.3 and 0.6 in). Tyre models diverse from 15-inch P205/65 for the Commodore Executive, recognition and Berlina (the latter, and following brands, with alloy rims), to 16-inch P215/60 when it comes to Calais and P225/50 the Commodore S, additionally the biggest P235/45 on 17-inch tires when it comes to Commodore SS.

The steering, the predominant system is a variable-ratio Bishop-design build (modified to offer 46 to 67 millimetres (1.8 to 2.6 in) of rack trips per pinion change resistant to the VS’ 40 to 58 millimetres (1.6 to 2.3 in), and a 10.9-metre (36 ft) kerb to kerb turning circle for sedan). The Calais, instead, adopted a speed sensitive “Variotronic” process, criticized for the general feel. This and other brand new electronic systems (eg grip controls standard regarding Commodore recognition together with Calais, and all sorts of optional on all other systems; to headlights that instantly extinguished on their own sometime after parking together with Calais’ key-based memories settings) are feasible because of a multiplex interaction bus. This setup could circulate 330 variables per 2nd toward vehicles’s big control segments, and lower the number of hardwired circuits than if it have main-stream wiring throughout (with all the VT-series Calais featuring 73 fewer resistant to the VS equivalent). Anti-theft equipment included a greater electronic immobiliser (with an additional 16 million codes set alongside the VS’), stronger steering lock and current slip-type locks throughout.

Around, above 90 percentage regarding the VT’s electric and HVAC elements had been brand-new throughout the versus, except for the carry-over column stalks. Safety wise, Holden relied on most computer simulations than ever before (with crash analysis from Monash University crash Research center), resulting in just 20 VTs becoming physically crash tested, in comparison to 55 utilizing the earlier VR series. A driver part airbag had been standard across all products, alongside a passenger part recommended just regarding Commodore administrator and S. part airbags with torso and head cover became an option when it comes to recognition and higher versions from 1998 (a first for Holden and Australian manufactured cars).

Much like earlier Commodore systems, Holden seemed to Opel in Germany for a donor automobile. The VT series is derived from the Omega B by broadening that automobile’s width and adjusting the technical setup for Australian conditions. The choice would have been to consider the Omega as it is (which, notably, has also been offered in united states once the Cadillac Catera between 1997 and 2001), cut for engines and transmissions or simply just reskinning the next generation (VN–VS) design.

The VT show ended up being a A$600 million development program that spanned over fifty percent a decade. They sported many firsts for an Australian-built vehicles (including more advanced electronic techniques), improved characteristics and increasing crash protection additionally thanks to a body that was 30 percent stiffer than its predecessor, the versus show.

Their rounder outside build (with a 63 degree rake the front windscreen), which caused it to be more appealing to buyers compared to even more aerodynamic rival, Ford Falcon (AU), ended up being considered just a styling workout with lower emphasis on aerodynamics because of the sedan’s ordinary drag coefficient of Cd=0.33. At the time of the VY series publish in 2002, Holden aerodynamic designers conceded that build had not been perfect, mainly due to the curved trailing side of the sedan’s boot top, which did not advertise a clean split of airflow from the back of this car as might have a sharper modification of perspective. As such, the VY series rectified this dilemma.

In 1999, the VT truck platform served once the foundation for 2nd generation Statesman and Caprice deluxe vehicles. This third generation Commodore also formed the basis when it comes to resurrection associated with the iconic Monaro coup from 1960s and 1970s. Offered due to the fact “Holden Coup” concept vehicles within 1998 Australian worldwide Motor program held in Sydney. Stressful public interest led to the coup finally achieving manufacturing in 2001 once the Monaro albeit at that time on the basis of the VX series.

As part of this task arrived a spend of A$275 million to update the Elizabeth plant, which spotted a 43 percent upsurge in robots (to a complete of 130), more effective pressing procedure (with 59 presses as opposed to 104) and welding (that views the primary human body spot-welded in 101 seconds), decreasing the VT’s final set up time by 2.5 time.
Feedback through the Usa

Holden’s moms and dad company had been thinking about integrating a left-hand drive Commodore in to the Buick lineup in america and became active in the VT developing cycle in the beginning. Holden is offered funds for needed engineering modifications and a prototype is unveiled to the United states public in 1995 while the Buick XP2000 idea automobile whose styling formed the foundation for the VT series. The task, recognized internally as “Project 127”, had been abandoned at the beginning of 1994, well before the VT’s release but Holden made the essential for the scenario by exporting left-hand drive VTs to parts of Indochina additionally the Middle East badged once the Chevrolet Lumina, also to Brazil badged as Chevrolet Omega.

The 4L60-E (and similar 4L65-E) is some automatic transmissions from General Motors. Made for longitudinal motor configurations, the series include 4 forth gears and 1 reverse equipment. Its an evolution for the Turbo-Hydramatic 700R4, originally stated in 1982.

The 4L60-E and 4L65-E are made at Toledo Transmission in Toledo, Ohio and have been built at Romulus Transmission in Romulus, Michigan and Ramos Arizpe, Mexico.

Both transmissions become classified primarily because of the wide range of pinion gears inside their planetary gearsets: The 4L60-E has actually four, although the heavy-duty 4L65-E has five. Other components of the 4L60-E design were strengthened once the 4L65-E was introduced, but these were integrated into the 4L60-E in 2002.

The Getrag 260 (RPO M35) had been a 5-speed handbook transmission incorporated in BMW and General engines cars between 1984 and 2005. They coexisted shopping utilizing the lighter-duty Getrag 240, and more costly Getrag 265 models.

The Holden V8 engine try an overhead-valve (OHV) V8 motor that was generated by the Australian General Motors subsidiary Holden between 1969 and 2000. The motor was utilized at first in the HT Holden show; it absolutely was later used in the Torana and Commodore ranges. The last iteration, the HEC 5000i, was phased out in Holden passenger automobiles upon the release of VT II Commodore in middle 1999, which featured the Gen III V8 brought in from United States. The system proceeded when you look at the VS III Commodore energy which stayed marketed alongside the VT design until the latest generation Holden Ute (VU) premiered in late 2000. versus III Statesman continued aided by the Holden V8 engine furthermore for a short while before the latest WH Statesman was launched shortly after VT II.

Not only is it Holden’s mainstream performance engine throughout its production run, it had been also a popular powerplant for system cars and specials and for motorsport in Holden’s efforts in the Australian Touring vehicles tournament while the Bathurst 1000 right up until 1995. Australian team Repco created and built the Repco-Holden Formula 5000 motor for Formula 5000 as well as other race programs using the block and head castings associated with the Holden V8 as its foundation. The engine featured most adjustments like Lucas gasoline injection and twin coil Bosch ignition plus than 150 unique components created by Repco. The lifter bore direction when you look at the engine block try 45 levels from the block centerline.

In the beginning available in 4,143 cc (253 cu in) and 5,044 cc (308 cu in) or 5,047 cc (308 cu in) (exact ability are disputed) models, the motors had been intended to be provided in the 1968 HK models of the newer Holden range nevertheless the project went behind schedule. The success of Ford Australia’s 289 cu in (4.7 L) V8 driven XR Falcon GT—in selected the promotion that adopted the vehicles profits at 1967 Gallaher 500—saw the V8 put into the methods for the upcoming coupe version of this HK Holden, become known as the Monaro additionally the luxury version of the HK Holden, the Brougham, as well as the utilities and panel van. The engine is offered included in the HT Holden design range, alongside the 350-cubic-inch (5.7 L) Chevrolet Small-Block engine throughout their combined everyday lives which found a finish in 1974 using introduction regarding the HJ Holden.

The V8 engine furthermore showed up from 1971 inside Statesman number of large-size deluxe automobiles which Holden set up as another marque, changing the Holden badged Brougham. In 1974 both the 253 and 308 motors had been added to the Torana number the very first time inside LH show (after an aborted attempt by Holden supplier employees supervisor Harry Firth to establish the V8 towards small LJ Torana number in 1972 which was stopped because of the Supercar scare). The motors were additionally provided from the LX design range launched in 1976, although not the last UC range which appeared in 1978.

Both engine capabilities are supplied from the earliest VB Commodores which appeared in 1978. The 4,143 cc (253 cu in) version was not available in the VK Commodore and Calais number, introduced in 1984, but proceeded in WB Holden commercials until 1985. In 1985 the unique versions modified by Holden and their official after-market tuner, Peter Brock’s HDT certain cars, started exposing the 4,987 cc (304 cu in) type of the motor, created to fall beneath the 5,000 cc (305 cu in) system capacity cut-off in Group A touring automobile laws, permitting Commodore competition to run at a lower competitors weight. This minor shrinking associated with standard Holden 308 spotted the Group the Commodore’s racing body weight drop from 1,400 to 1,325 kilograms (3,086 to 2,921 pound) (though the system is however known as a 308 because of the public inspite of the fall in capacity from 5.0 to 4.9 litres). Because of the hard Group A regulations, this also permitted the rushing automobiles to run larger wheels and tyres without the fall in energy. Without a doubt, the Holden VK Commodore SS Group the was one of the quickest automobiles in the wonderful world of team A racing with regards to strike the songs in 1986.

HDT Unique cars additionally provided a more powerful version of the engine enlarged to 5.6 litres (344 cu in) in a few of its VL designs between 1986 and 1988, like the questionable Calais Director. This system, creating around 231 kW (310 hp), ended up being an expensive choice, particularly when Holden severed ties with HDT which considerably increasing the costs of most HDT products, and consequently not many of 5.6-litre engines were made.

Gas injection changed the carburettors at first on VL Commodore SS Group A SV, again with Group A touring vehicle racing in mind, this vehicle created by Holden’s brand new results vehicle lover Holden important Vehicles (HSV) in partnership with British-based Tom Walkinshaw Racing (TWR) (Holden had finished its union because of the HDT in February 1987). While team A disappeared after the VN design number, the gasoline injected 5.0-litre (304 cu in) system is offered in Commodores right up until the versus III Commodore energy in 2000 although there are no more V8 versus III utilities available in the market throughout the latter part of 2000.

HSV cars featured many different more powerful variations of this 5.0-litre, which were also available on regular V8 Holdens as part of the SV improved package. Also, from 1994 a 5.7-litre (350 cu in) “stroker” is standard on the HSV GTS and recommended in the HSV Senator, and soon after in the Statesman/Caprice-based Grange from that model’s introduction in 1996.
The VT series is formally established on 26 August 1997 and proceeded purchase on 5 September replacing the versus Commodore. Their just big upgrade, promoted due to the fact VT show II, was released on 1 June 1999 and marketed until October 2000, once the VX show was released as the substitution.
Commodore Exec (VT) sedan
Commodore Acclaim (VT) sedan
Commodore (VT) 50th Anniversary sedan, with optional back wing
Berlina (VT) sedan
Commodore Equipe (VT) sedan
Calais (VT) sedan
The Acclaim’s interior is based on that of the fleet-oriented administrator, but featuring greater safety products

The first 1997 VT number ended up being introduced with a variety of six designs comprising:

Commodore administrator (fleet and entry bundle) V6 handbook from A$29,760 sedan and A$31,600 truck, with recommended automatic, and V8
Commodore Acclaim (family safety package) V6 automatic from A$33,980 sedan and A$34,960 wagon
Commodore S (entry activities package) V6 handbook from A$34,810 sedan best, using the solution associated with V6 Supercharged automatic
Commodore SS (high-end activities bundle) V8 handbook from A$44,160 sedan only, with optional automatic or V6 Supercharged automatic
Berlina (deluxe bundle) V6 automatic from A$39,800 sedan and A$42,600 truck, with recommended V8 automated
Calais (sport deluxe package) V6 automatic from A$48,760 sedan only, with optional V8 automatic or V6 Supercharged automated.

In terms of biggest features and alternatives:

Traditional over the number — IRS, driver’s airbag, seatbelt pre-tensioners, electric seat level and tilt adjuster, journey computer (6-function single digital window on all models except Berlina and Calais featuring a 12-function 3 digital microsoft windows upgrade)
Traveler airbag offered across the number, but as an optional regarding Commodore government and S for A$510
ABS readily available over the range, but as a recommended bundle on manager
Grip Control traditional on Acclaim and Calais, but optional in the remaining portion of the number for A$510
Automated transmission recommended on all systems except Acclaim, Berlina and Calais
Power steering standard over the range, with Calais featuring a speed painful and sensitive version (“Variotronic”)
Air conditioning optional on administrator and recognition but standard on S and SS, with climate controls on Berlina (single zone) and Calais (dual area)
Alloy tires recommended on manager and recognition (15-inch metal tires standard) but recommended on other systems (15-inch on Berlina, 16-inch on S and Calais, 17-inch on SS)
Full-power electric microsoft windows and metallic paint traditional on Berlina and Calais but recommended on all the systems
Sail manage standard on all automatic designs excluding being optional on professional
Fabric seat trim on all versions aside from velour on Berlina and Calais, with leather-based trim recommended from the latter
A double-DIN 6-speaker 30W speakers with cassette player throughout the range except for Calais featuring 8-speakers, and CD players recommended on all designs except becoming standard on Berlina (single-CD) and Calais (10-CD stacker) furthermore featuring an electrical antenna with height memories
For Calais — automated light-sensing headlights, personalised key system (recognising two driver’s transmission, climate, audio, trip computer and overspeed environment), dual control environment control, powered driver’s seat
For Calais, S and SS a fabric wrapped steering wheel optional on all the other models
For S and SS products, a back wing spoiler and FE2 athletics suspension recommended on all the designs
For SS-only, sports chairs and a typical limited slip differential optional on all the products
Sunroof recommended on all systems.

The Berlina and Calais deluxe brands weren’t badged or promoted as Commodores in addition to Calais was just supplied as a sedan. Aside from better standard inside properties as mentioned above plus things like chart lamps, footwell lights, programmable indoor dimming lights, auto-off lamp function, speed sensitive and painful windscreen wipers (and, for Calais, like a woodgrain-look gear gate, chrome-look home manages, home lamps), one of the keys differentiating exterior attributes of these luxury-oriented designs in accordance with professional and Acclaim included chrome-look grilles, side mouldings and bumper pubs with chrome-look pieces, chrome fatigue methods. Furthermore, the Calais showcased reduced dress section of the Calais in contrasting paint (for a dual tone effect), chrome-look window mouldings, front fog lighting, obvious back side indicators.

The product range tones included: Heron (white as well as the single non-metallic), Rubens Mica, Capricorn Mica, Raven Mica, Orion Frost (silver), Valencia Mica, Tundra Mica, Botanica Mica, Granada Mica, Morocco Sand Frost, Bermuda Mica.

Special versions included the following:

1998 Commodore 50th Anniversary sedan and wagon (commemorating Holden’s records)
1998 Calais 50th Anniversary (as overhead)
1999 Commodore Equipe (marketing package)
1999–2000 Commodore Olympic edition (commemorating the Sydney 2000 games)
2000 Calais International (advertising package).

Featuring special badging, except for Calais, which showcased unique restricted version areas, the remainder of those unique versions had been base Commodores offered with extra equipment (example. full body-coloured bumper taverns, standard alloy wheels—from Berlina for 50th Anniversary—but without deluxe indoor functions such as for example environment control and complete trip computer system).
Show II
A finite edition Commodore Olympic (VT II), featuring the alloy rims from a Berlina (VT), as traditional
All facelifted Commodore (VT II) sedans showcased clear side and back indicator contacts originally exclusive to Calais (VT)

Using VT show II improvement of 1999, the Ecotec V6 stayed structurally unchanged, nonetheless it obtained an updated tune that made the vehicle a little faster compared to initial variation. The availability of the supercharged V6 altered by not any longer being on the Commodore SS and becoming optional on Berlina, but traditional on Calais (even though normally aspirated variation might be specified as a “delete solution”). The venerable 5.0-litre Holden V8 ended up being rather replaced by an innovative new 5.7-litre Gen III V8 sourced through the usa. The VT II in Gen III V8 guise had been advertised by tires in 1999 to-be the quickest Australian car previously. The V8 was detuned to 220 kW (300 hp) from the original variation, but would get incremental energy updates to 250 kW (340 hp) throughout their time in the Commodore.

Cosmetically, all Series II VT models obtained slightly modified wheel protects and alloys, front side grilles (gold accents on base versions and thicker horizontal chrome pubs on Berlina and Calais) as well as clear side and back signal contacts (as fitted from the 1997–1999 VT Calais) rather than the earlier emerald. The up-to-date Calais today in addition showcased a chrome strip throughout the boot garnish over the quantity plate, to tell apart they through the lower model variations.
Holden Ute

Unlike regarding their more latest generation systems, which saw Holden launch a software application variation concurrent to many other mainstream human anatomy shapes, a VT energy variation had been never ever developed. Alternatively, Holden carried on to sell the VS Commodore utility version until December 2000, from which time the Holden Ute (VU) premiered. This car had been on the basis of the longer wheelbase platform of VX Commodore, itself established in October 2000 because the first considerable renovation of VT show.


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Holden VT Commodore / Calais – Internode

Holden Commodore / Calais VT Series September 1997 – September 2000 … In October 1998 at the Sydney Motor Show Holden unveiled a production ready VT Commodore Coupe.

Commodores Inn

P.O. Box 970, 823 South Main Street, Stowe, VT 05672 (802) 253-7131 | 800-44-STOWE (78693) Fax: (802) 253-2360. reservations@commodoresinn.com

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