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    Toyota Land Cruiser Petrol and Diesel 78 79 100 and 105 series 1998-2007 Gregorys Service and Repair Manual NEW – Paperback Toyota Land Cruiser 4WD Petrol Diesel 1998 – 2007 Gregorys Owners Service Repair Manual Covers the following Vehicles: – Wagon Utility Hardtop Cab Chassis Troop Carrier Standard RV GXL – 78 and 79 series – 100 series – 105 series Engines Covered: – 4.2 litre (4164 cc) “1HZ” indirect-injection SOHC 6 cylinder diesel – 4.2 litre (4164 cc) “1HD-FTE” direct-injection SOHC 6 cylinder turbo diesel – 4.5 litre ‘1FZ-FE’ 6 Cylinder Petrol – 4 7 litre ‘2UZ-FE’ V8 Petrol Transmissions covered: – R151F 5-speed manual – A442F 4-speed automatic – HF1A transfer case Contents: – Introductory Pages About this Manual; Introduction to the Toyota Land Cruiser; Vehicle Identification Numbers; Buying Parts; Maintenance Techniques Tools and Working Facilities; Jacking and Towing; Booster Battery (jump) starting; Automotive Chemicals and Lubricants; Conversion Factors; Safety First!; Troubleshooting – General information
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    Toyota Land Cruiser 78 79 100 105 Series Petrol Diesel 1998 – 2007 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual Covers: Toyota Land Cruiser Petrol Diesel Series 78 79 100 and 105. Petrol Engines Covered: – 4.5 litre (4 477cc) DOHC 1FZ-FE – 4.7 litre (4 664cc) DOHC 2UZ-FE Diesel Engines Covered: – 4.2 litre (4164cc) SOHC 1HZ Indirect Injection 6 Cylinder – 4.2 litre (4164cc) SOHC 1HD-FTE Direct Injection 6 Cylinder Turbo Transmissions Transfer Cases Covered: – “R151F” 5 Speed Manual Transmission (removal/installation oil seals dismantling inspection reassembly) – “H150F H151F” 5 Speed Manual Transmission (removal/installation oil seals dismantling inspection reassembly) – “A442F” 4 speed automatic transmission more details…..
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    Toyota Landcruiser BJ HJ LJ 1972 – 1990 Diesel – Ellery Repair Manual NEW NEW 400 pages Toyota Landcruiser Diesel BJ HJ LJ 1972 – 1990 Owners Service Repair Manual covers: Toyota Landcruiser Diesel BJ HJ and LJ – 40’s 55’s 60’s 70’s and Bundera. Toyota though four and six cylinder models with all the body styles needed to go anywhere any time. All of these models are featured in these manuals just what you need when contemplating a trip. We have covered all the information the enthusiast needs from a grease and oil change to a full rebuild. Engines covered: B 3B 13B-T L 2L 2L-T (2446cc) H 2H (3980cc) and 12H-T (3980cc turbo). Contents: # Introduction. # Engine Tune-Up and Maintenance. # Diesel Engines: B 3B 13B-T L 2L 2L-T H 2H 12H-T. # Diesel Fuel Systems. # Lubrication System. # Cooling System. # Starter and Alternator System. # Turbocharger. # Clu extra info
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    Toyota Land Cruiser 60 70 and 80 series 4.0 and 4.2 litre Diesel Gregory Service and Repair Manual 1980-1998 Toyota Landcruiser Diesel 4WD 1980 – 1998 Gregorys Owners Service Repair Manual covers Hardtop Wagon Utility Cab Chassis Troop Carrier Standard RV GXL Sahara. Series Covered – HJ60 HJ61 HJ70 HJ75 HZJ80 HDJ80 Diesel Engines Covered: – 4.0 litre “2H” 6 Cylinder OHV Indirect Injection – 4.0 litre “12H-T” 6 Cylinder OHV Direct Injection Turbocharged – 4.2 litre “1HZ” 6 Cylinder SOHC – 4.2 litre “1HD-T” 6 Cinderyl SOHC Direct Turbocharged – 4.2 litre “1HD-FT” 6 Cylinder SOHC Direct Turbo 24v. Covers everything you need to know step by step procedures hundreds of photographs and illustrations routine maintenance wiring diagrams repairs and overhauls and what tools to buy. Gregorys manuals are based on an actual vehicle stripdown and are researched and written by automotive engineers with vast experience.Gregorys workshop manuals are produced for the Australian market. These vehicle specifications may vary from those sold in other countries. Please be aware of t further data
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    Toyota 2H Engine Repair Factory Manual USED USED – good condition Genuine Factory Manual 1980 further data
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    Toyota Land Cruiser (Petrol Diesel) 2007 – 2016 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers the following Series – UZJ200R URJ200R VDJ200R VDJ76R VDJ78R VDJ79R Petrol Engines Covered: * 4.6 litre V8 (1UR-FE) URJ200R * 4.7 litre V8 (2UZ-FE) UZJ200R Diesel Engines Covered: * 4.5 litre V8 Diesel Turbo (1VD-FTV) – VDJ200R * 4.5 litre V8 Diesel Turbo (1VD-FTV) – VDJ76R/78R/79R Contents: * Introductory Pages About this Manual; Introduction to the Toyota Land Cruiser; Vehicle Identification Numbers; Recall Information; Buying Parts; Maintenance Techniques Tools and Working Facilities; Booster Battery (jump) starting; Jacking and Towing; Automotive Chemicals and Lubricants; Safety First!; Conversion Factors; Troubleshooting * Routine Maintenance * Petrol Engines * Diesel Engines * General Engine Over click
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    Toyota 2H 12H-T Engine Repair Factory Manual USED USED – stained cover but otherwise in good condition Genuine Factory Manual 1985 2H The 2H is a 4.0 L (3 980 cc) inline 6 12 valve OHV indirect injection diesel engine. Bore is 91 mm and stroke is 102 mm with a compression ratio of 20.7:1. Output is 105 PS (77 kW) at 3 500 rpm – later production years 107 hp (80 kW) with 177 lb·ft (240 N·m) of torque at 2 000 rpm. Toyota Land Cruiser HJ47 HJ60 HJ75 Toyota Dyna HU20 30 40 50 Toyota Coaster HB20 30 12H-T The 12H-T is a 4.0 L (3 980 cc) inline 6 12 valve OHV turbocharged direct injection diesel engine. Bore is 91 mm and stroke is 102 mm with a compression ratio of 18.6:1. Output is 134 hp (100 kW) at 3500 rpm with 232 lb·ft (315 N·m) of torque at 1 800 rpm on the stock configuration of 7PSI of boost. Toyota Land Cruiser HJ61 Toyota Coaster HB20 30 Other Toyota Landcruiser Repair Manuals click here Get Other Toyota Repair Manuals click here Covers engine fuel system cooling system lubrication system starting system and charging come here
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    Toyota Land Cruiser (Diesel) 1980 – 1998 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers the Diesel Engined Land Cruiser HJ60 HJ61 HJ70 HJ75 HZJ80 and HDJ80.Does NOT cover BK or Colorado models.Diesel Engines Covered:* 4.0 litre (3980 cc) “2H 12H-T” OHV 6 Cylinder* 4.2 litre (4164 cc) “1HZ” OHC 6 Cylinder* 4.2 litre (4164 cc) “1HD-T” OHC 6 Cylinder* 4.2 litre (4164 cc) “1HD-FT” OHC 24-valve ()Transmissions Covered:* H41 and H42 4-speed manual (1990 and earlier)* H55F 5-speed manual (1990 and earlier plus 1990 and later 70 series)* H140F H150F and H151F 5-speed manual (80 series)* A440F or A442F 4-speed automaticNOTE: Only maintenance adjustment minor repair procedures plus removal and installation are described for the Automatic Transmission.Contents:* Introductory PagesAbout this Manual; Introduction to the Toyota Land Cruiser Diesel; Vehicle Ident more info
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    Toyota Land Cruiser (Diesel) 1980 – 1998 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers the Diesel Engined Land Cruiser HJ60 HJ61 HJ70 HJ75 HZJ80 and HDJ80.Does NOT cover BK or Colorado models.Diesel Engines covered:#9679; 4.0 litre (3980 cc) quot;2H 12H-Tquot; OHV 6 Cylinder#9679; 4.2 litre (4164 cc) quot;1HZquot; OHC 6 Cylinder#9679; 4.2 litre (4164 cc) quot;1HD-Tquot; OHC 6 Cylinder#9679; 4.2 litre (4164 cc) quot;1HD-FTquot; OHC 24-valve ()Transmissions described:#9679; H41 and H42 4-speed manual (1990 and earlier)#9679; H55F 5-speed manual (1990 and earlier plus 1990 and later 70 series)#9679; H140F H150F and H151F 5-speed manual (80 series)#9679; A440F or A442F 4-speed automaticNOTE: Only maintenance adjustment minor repair procedures plus removal and installation are described for the transmissions.Inside this manual you w lots more
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    Toyota Land Cruiser – Chassis and Body Genuine Manual (Heavy Duty) – Covers FJ62 FJ70 FJ73 FJ75 BJ60 BJ70 BJ73 BJ75 HJ60 HJ75 USED October 1984 – good condition has marks and tears but all very readable. Does not cover the engine. Covers Clutch transmission (4 speed H41 and H42 and 3 speed J30) transfer case propeller shaft front and rear axles steering brakes winch fram body and electrical. extra
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    Toyota Land Cruiser (Petrol Diesel) 2007-2016 (Series 76 78 79 200 202) Gregorys Owners Service Repair Manual covers Wagon Utility Cab Chassis Troop Carrier Series Covered: * UZJ200R URJ2002R VDJ200R * VDJ76R VDJ78R VDJ79R Petrol Engines Covered: * 4.6 litre V8 (1UR-FE) URJ200R * 4.7 litre V8 (2UZ-FE) UZJ200R Diesel Engines Covered: * 4.5 litre V8 Diesel Turbo (1VD-FTV) – VDJ200R * 4.5 litre V8 Diesel Turbo (1VD-FTV) – VDJ76R/78R/79R Contents: * Introductory Pages About this Manual; Introduction to the Toyota Land Cruiser; Vehicle Identification Numbers; Recall Information; Buying Parts; Maintenance Techniques Tools and Working Facilities; Booster Battery (jump) starting; Jacking and Towing; Automotive Chemicals and Lubricants; Safety First!; Conversion Factors; Troubleshooting * Routine Maintenance * Petrol Engines * Diesel Engines * General Engine Overhaul Procedures * Cooling Heating and Air Conditioning * Fuel and Exhaust Systems – Petrol Engines * Fuel and Exhaust Systems – Diesel Engines * Engine Electrical Systems * Emissions and Engine Con find out more…..
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    Toyota Landcruiser 1990 – 2007 Diesel – Ellery Repair Manual NEW NEW 500 pages This is an excellent manual with over 500 pages. It has step by step instructions covering all aspects of the vehicles. The manual Covers station wagons utilities troop carriers and tray models. The first chapter “Engine tune-up and maintenance” guides you through the most basic maintenance and tune-up. It includes the specifications required regardless of whether you are an owner wishing to change the oil or a mechanic requiring specifications for tune-up and maintenance. Engine chapter – We have covered all 6 cylinder diesel engines 1HZ 1HD-T 1HD-FT and 1HD-FTE that Toyota ran from 1990 to 2002. Turbocharged engines are included. This chapter is full of step by step instructions plus plenty of photographs and line illustrations to give the reader explicit detail suitable for everyone regardless of whether you require minor engine work or a major rebuild. Transmission and Transfer chapters – 4 chapters (51 pages) cover all manual and automatic transmissions for these vehicles. Step more information…..

The Toyota Land Cruiser try a series of four-wheel drive automobiles generated by the Japanese vehicle maker Toyota. It’s Toyota’s longest run show.

Production of the first generation Land Cruiser began in 1951 (90 units) as Toyota’s version of a Jeep-like vehicle. The Land Cruiser happens to be stated in convertible, hardtop, place truck, and utility truck versions. The Land Cruiser’s dependability and longevity features led to big popularity, particularly in Southern Sudan and Australia where it will be the best-selling body-on-frame, four-wheel drive automobile. Toyota in addition thoroughly checks the Land Cruiser when you look at the Australian outback — regarded as among the most challenging running conditions both in temperature and terrain. Principal competitors include the number Rover, Land Rover advancement, Jeep Wrangler, Mitsubishi Pajero and Nissan Patrol.
The Toyota J40 could be the design designation for a Toyota Land Cruiser 40 series created from 1960 until 1984 (in Brazil, in which it had been referred to as Toyota Bandeirante, it was produced from 1958 until 2001). Many 40 series Land Cruisers were built as two-door motors with slightly bigger measurements than a Jeep CJ.

The model had been readily available whilst the FJ40 show (with F motors) and in addition BJ40/41/42 (quick wheelbase), BJ43/44/46 (center wheelbase) or HJ45/47 (longer wheelbase) designation where it have a Diesel system. The Land Cruisers built in Brazil from 1958 to 1962 received the series signal FJ25 (topless) and FJ25L (soft top) but they are often referred to as FJ-251, and in 1961 thanks to a brand new motor known as 2F – not to ever feel confounded with the later 2F system from 1975 – there still arrived on the scene some few devices aided by the show signal FJ-151L (smooth top). With the model title altered to Bandeirante after 1961, those built from 1962 to 1993 – with Mercedes-Benz machines – received OJ50/55 show and the ones built from 1994 to 2001 – with Toyota machines – BJ50/55 show model codes.
The diesel motor (also called a compression-ignition engine) is an internal burning motor that utilizes heat of compression to begin ignition and shed the gas which has been inserted to the burning chamber. This contrasts with spark-ignition motors such a petrol system (gas motor) or fuel engine (using a gaseous gas in the place of gasoline), which use a spark plug to ignite an air-fuel blend.

The diesel system gets the highest thermal effectiveness of every standard internal or external combustion motor because high compression proportion and inherent slim burn (non-stochiometric) which facilitates unburnt gasses to scavenge waste heat. A small efficiency control normally averted at device overlap since unburnt fuel is not current until TDC. Low-speed diesel machines (as found in boats alongside applications where overall system fat are reasonably unimportant) have a thermal efficiency that surpasses 50per cent.

Diesel engines tend to be stated in two-stroke and four-stroke models. These people were initially used as a far more efficient replacement stationary steam motors. Considering that the 1910s they are used in submarines and boats. Use within locomotives, vehicles, heavy gear and electric creating plants accompanied later. In the 1930s, they gradually started to be utilized in some cars. Because the 1970s, the use of diesel engines in larger on-road and off road cars in america increased. In line with the Uk community of Motor Manufacturing and Traders, the EU average for diesel automobiles account for 50percent of the total sold, including 70% in France and 38per cent in the united kingdom.
Diesel machines possess least expensive certain gasoline usage of any big internal-combustion system using just one cycle, 0.26 lb/hp·h (0.16 kg/kWh) for very large aquatic motors (blended period energy plants are far more efficient, but use two motors instead of one). Two-stroke diesels with high pressure forced induction, especially turbocharging, compensate a lot of the biggest diesel engines.

In North America, diesel machines are primarily used in huge trucks, in which the low-stress, high-efficiency pattern leads to much longer system lifetime and lower operational outlay. These benefits in addition make the diesel motor perfect for use in the heavy-haul railroad environment.

The J40/41/42 is a two-door brief wheelbase four-wheel-drive car, with either a soft or a hardtop (V). It had been offered with various petrol or diesel (from 1974) motors over its lifetime. It was changed of many markets from 1984 because of the J70 series (70/71).
The FJ42 was 4X2 model, for only The Middle East.
The J43/J44/46 had been an incredibly unusual two-door method wheelbase four-wheel-drive vehicle, with either a soft or a hard-top (V). It had been replaced of many markets from 1984 because of the J70 show (73/74).
The J45/47 was a long-wheelbase four-wheel-drive vehicle, for sale in two-door hardtop, three-door hardtop, four-door place wagon and two-door pickup designs. The four-door place truck model (FJ45V-I) had been the shortest-lived associated with J40 series, because it had been replaced by the FJ55G/V in 1967.
The Bandeirante TB25/TB41/TB51 show were J2 series built in Brazil by Toyota manage Brasil Ltda from 1962 to 1966/68. In 1966 they certainly were replaced by the OJ32 (smooth top) and OJ31 (tough top) when it comes to TB25, while the TB81 for the TB51; for a not known factor the TB41 would keep its J2 code until 1968 whenever Toyota manage Brasil turned from the J2 towards the J3 series in 1966.
The Bandeirante OJ40/OJ45 show (1968 to 1973), OJ50/OJ55 show (1973 to 1994) and BJ50/BJ55 show (1994 to 2001) are J4 show built-in Brazil by Toyota do Brasil Ltda from 1968 to 2001. The same as the BJ40 in virtually every respect, it had some stylistic alterations into the grille (models made out of 1989 on highlighted square headlights, instead of the circular people used before) and utilized Mercedes-Benz OM-314/OM-324/OM-364 diesel machines (changed by Toyota 14B inline 4 direct injections Diesel system in 1994) for much of their manufacturing lives; another noticeable gran characteristic would be the entire hind doorways (like at land-rover) rather than the standard Toyota two-wing hind doors during the Bandeirante’s hard top designs.

1959:
FJ25 – Short available (topless) bushdrive vehicle – motor Toyota F (might 1959 to 1960/61) – latest in 1959 (also called FJ251)
1960/1961:
FJ25L – Quick smooth top bushdrive vehicles – motor Toyota F (1960/1961 to 1960/1961) – brand-new in 1960/1961 (generally known as FJ251L)
FJ151L – Short soft top bushdrive car – motor Toyota 2F (1960/1961 to December 1961) – replaces the FJ25/FJ251 plus the FJ25L/FJ251L (there are couple of mentions in literature and no preserved product understood; it may be even doubted if it is ever already been actually built.
1962:
TB25L – Quick soft top bushdrive vehicle – motor Mercedes-Benz OM-324 (January 1962 to – 1966? – before August 1968) – replaces the FJ151L (or FJ25L/FJ251L?)
TB25L – brief tough top bushdrive automobile – motor Mercedes-Benz OM-324 (January 1962 to – 1966? – before August 1968) – brand-new in 1962
TB41L – Long hard top bushdrive vehicles – engine Mercedes-Benz OM-324 (September 1962 to July 1968) – brand new in 1962
TB51L – brief pickup with native bed – engine Mercedes-Benz OM-324 (September 1962 to January 1966)
1965:
TB51L3 – Quick 3-door double cabin pickup with local sleep and steel bed address – engine Mercedes-Benz OM-324 (? < 1965 < ?) – new in 1965; possibly there may have been built one unit only
1966? (between 1962 and 1968):
OJ32L – Short smooth top bushdrive car – motor Mercedes-Benz OM-324 (before August 1968 – 1966? – to August 1968) – replaces the soft top TB25L
OJ31L – brief difficult top bushdrive vehicles – motor Mercedes-Benz OM-324 (before August 1968 – 1966? – to August 1968) – replaces the tough top TB25L
TB81L – Quick pickup with local sleep – motor Mercedes-Benz OM-324 (February 1966 to August 1968) – replaces the TB51L
1968:
OJ40L – Quick smooth top bushdrive car – engine Mercedes-Benz OM-324 (September 1968 to January/February 1973) – replaces the OJ32L
OJ40LV – Quick hard top bushdrive vehicle – motor Mercedes-Benz OM-324 (October 1968 to January/February 1973) – replaces the OJ31L
OJ40LV-B – Long hard top bushdrive vehicles – engine Mercedes-Benz OM-324 (October 1968 to January/February 1973) – replaces the TB41L
OJ45LP-B – Short pickup with native sleep – engine Mercedes-Benz OM-324 (September 1968 to January/February 1973) – replaces the TB81L
1973:
OJ50L – Short soft top bushdrive vehicles – engine Mercedes-Benz OM-314 (February 1973 to November 1989) – replaces the OJ40L
OJ50LV – Quick tough top bushdrive vehicles – engine Mercedes-Benz OM-314 (February 1973 to November 1989) – replaces the OJ40LV
OJ50LV-B – very long difficult top bushdrive vehicle – motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 (February 1973 to November 1989) – replaces the OJ40LV-B
OJ55LP-B – brief pickup with local bed – engine Mercedes-Benz OM-314 (February 1973 to November 1989) – replaces the OJ45LP-B
between 1973 and 1989:
OJ55LP-B3 – Short chassis-cab pickup – engine Mercedes-Benz OM-314 (19?? to November 1989) – brand new in 19??
OJ55LP-BL – lengthy pickup with indigenous bed – engine Mercedes-Benz OM-314 (19?? to November 1989) – brand-new in 19??
OJ55LP-BL3 – brief chassis-cab pickup – engine Mercedes-Benz OM-314 (19?? to November 1989) – brand-new in 19??
OJ55LP-2BL – Long 2-door two fold cabin pickup with indigenous bed – motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 (19?? to November 1989) – new in 19??
1989:
OJ50L – Short smooth top bushdrive automobile – engine Mercedes-Benz OM-364 (November 1989 to April 1994) – replaces the OJ50L with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
OJ50LV – Short tough top bushdrive vehicles – motor Mercedes-Benz OM-364 (November 1989 to Abril 1994) – replaces the OJ50LV with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
OJ50LV-B – Long tough top bushdrive car – engine Mercedes-Benz OM-364 (November 1989 to Abril 1994) – replaces the OJ50LV-B with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
OJ55LP-B – Quick pickup with indigenous sleep – motor Mercedes-Benz OM-364 (November 1989 to Abril 1994) – replaces the OJ55LP-B with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 engine
OJ55LP-B3 – Quick chassis-cab pickup – motor Mercedes-Benz OM-364 (November 1989 to Abril 1994) – replaces the OJ55LP-B3 with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
OJ55LP-BL – lengthy pickup with local bed – motor Mercedes-Benz OM-364 (November 1989 to Abril 1994) – replaces the OJ55LP-BL with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 engine
OJ55LP-BL3 – longer chassis-cab pickup – motor Mercedes-Benz OM-364 (November 1989 to Abril 1994) – replaces the OJ55LP-BL3 with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 engine
OJ55LP-2BL – Long 2-door double cabin pickup with indigenous bed – engine Mercedes-Benz OM-364 (November 1989 to Abril 1994) – replaces the OJ55LP-2BL with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 engine
1994:
BJ50L – Short smooth top bushdrive automobile – engine Toyota 14B – April 1994 to November 2001 – replaces the OJ50L
BJ50LV – Quick difficult top bushdrive car – motor Toyota 14B – April 1994 to November 2001 – replaces the OJ50LV
BJ50LV-B – Long difficult top bushdrive vehicles – motor Toyota 14B – April 1994 to November 2001 – replaces the OJ50LV-B
BJ55LP-B – Short pickup with indigenous bed – engine Toyota 14B – April 1994 to November 2001 – replaces the OJ55LP-B
BJ55LP-B3 – brief chassis-cab pickup – motor Toyota 14B – April 1994 to November 2001 – replaces the OJ55LP-B3
BJ55LP-BL – Long pickup with indigenous bed – motor Toyota 14B – April 1994 to November 2001 – replaces the OJ55LP-BL
BJ55LP-BL3 – Long chassis-cab pickup – motor Toyota 14B – April 1994 to November 2001 – replaces the OJ55LP-BL3
BJ55LP-2BL – Long 2-door double cabin pickup with local bed – engine Toyota 14B – April 1994 to November 2001 – replaces the OJ55LP-2BL
1999:
BJ55LP-2BL4 – very long 2-door double cabin pickup with indigenous bed – motor Toyota 14B – 1999 to November 2001 – newer in 1999
The 70 show are a family of Toyota Land Cruiser brands made out of 1984 before the present day. It changed the 25-year-old 40 Series due to the fact off road workhorse for the Land Cruiser history, whilst the 60 show (and soon after the 80, 90, 100 and 200 show) resulted in much more comfortable traveler off road cars. Despite significant alterations in styling and various technical changes, the 70 show was built to wthhold the off-road capabilities and toughness for which the 40 Series had come to be understood. The 70 Series was promoted throughout the world, aside from nations like the American, Canada, Mexico, Brazil and Korea.
Originally, design data 70 through 74 referred to the 2-door brief and moderate wheelbase models. We were holding the successors for the popular 40 Series, for instance the FJ40. Model data 75 through 77 referred to the long-wheelbase variation, which was obtainable in pick-up and 2-door troop company models and, in some areas, a 4-door wagon. We were holding the successors of this less-well known long-wheelbase 40 Series, for instance the FJ45. In 1999, Toyota launched a number of news and changed the design designations, in which the long-wheelbase products became the 78 (troop carrier) and 79 (pick-up). In 2007, the 76 (4-door truck) is added, as the brand new dual-cab models in addition promote the 79 design designation (essentially the exact same framework). Short-wheelbase systems are only in manufacturing these days for a couple select areas.

As with every Land Cruisers, the letters at the beginning of the model amounts designate the motor of the automobile. Typical engines into the 70 show include the 3F petrol system (age.g., the FJ70), the 2H diesel system (age.g., the HJ75), the 1FZ petrol system (e.g., the FZJ79), the 1HZ diesel engine (e.g., the HZJ78), & most recently, the 1VD diesel system (age.g., the VDJ76). For a time (1987 until at least 1990) the BJ73 Hardtop is for sale in the Italian and Spanish market with a VM five-cylinder HR588 2.5-litre turbodiesel—it the “B” prefix had been used as considering that the earliest 4-cylinder diesel 70 series was included with the 3B.
The word Indirect injection, in an inside burning engine, describes supply shot in which fuel is not straight inserted in to the combustion chamber. Gasoline machines are built with indirect injections systems, wherein a fuel injector delivers the gasoline sooner or later prior to the consumption valve.

An indirect shot diesel engine delivers fuel into a chamber from the burning chamber, called a prechamber, where burning starts and develops in to the primary combustion chamber. The prechamber was very carefully made to confirm adequate blending of the atomized gas with the compression-heated environment.
The purpose of the divided burning chamber is always to accelerate the combustion procedure, to be able to raise the energy output by increasing motor speeds. The improvement of a prechamber, but grows temperature reduction towards coolant system and therefore lowers system efficiency. The engine requires glow plugs for starting. In an indirect injection program air moves quickly, blending the fuel and air. This simplifies injector design and enables the application of modest engines much less firmly toleranced styles that are easier to produce and more dependable. Direct injection, in comparison, utilizes slow-moving atmosphere and fast-moving gas; the design and manufacture associated with the injectors is more hard. The optimisation for the in-cylinder air flow is much more tough than designing a prechamber. There is certainly a lot more integration between your build of the injector plus the engine. It’s because of this that vehicles diesel motors were practically all indirect shot through to the prepared accessibility to effective CFD simulation systems made the adoption of direct injection useful.
Swirl chamber

It contains a spherical chamber found in the cylinder mind and separated from system cylinder by a tangential throat. About 50% for the environment comes into the swirl chamber throughout the compression swing associated with system, producing a swirl. After burning, the products return through same neck into main cylinder at greater velocity. Therefore more temperature control to walls regarding the passage happens. This kind of chamber finds application in engines which fuel control and motor security are more crucial than fuel economy. These are Ricardo chambers.
Precombustion chamber

This chamber is situated within cylinder head and it is attached to the system cylinder by small holes. It consumes 40% of complete cylinder volume. Through the compression swing, atmosphere from the biggest cylinder goes into the precombustion chamber. Currently, fuel was injected to the precombustion chamber and burning starts. Force improves and also the fuel droplets tend to be pushed through little holes into the primary cylinder, resulting in a very good mix of the fuel and air. The bulk of the burning actually occurs in the main cylinder. This particular combustion chamber possess multi-fuel capacity due to the fact heat regarding the prechamber vaporizes the gasoline ahead of the primary burning celebration starts.
Air cell chamber

Air mobile try a tiny cylindrical chamber with a hole within one end. Its installed almost coaxially with the injector, said axis becoming parallel to your piston crown, using the injector shooting across a tiny hole which will be ready to accept the cylinder into the hole ultimately for the atmosphere cellular. The air cellular was attached in order to minimise thermal connection with the size of head. A pintle injector with a narrow spray design can be used. At TDC most of the charge size try within the hole and air mobile.

Once the injector fires, the jet of fuel inputs air mobile and ignites. This causes a jet of flame shooting back out of the air cell directly into the jet of gasoline however issuing from injector. Heat and turbulence provide exceptional fuel vaporisation and mixing characteristics. Additionally because the most of the combustion takes place outside of the atmosphere mobile within the cavity, which communicates straight utilizing the cylinder, there is less temperature loss involved with moving the burning up cost in to the cylinder.

Air cell injection can be viewed as as a compromise between indirect and direct injections, gaining a number of the efficiency features of direct injections while retaining the simplicity and easy growth of indirect injections.

Environment cellular chambers can be known as Lanova air chambers.
1984–1999: The 70 / 75 show Toyota Land Cruiser took over from 40 / 45 a number of workhorse four-wheel drives in 1984. The styling preserved a family group resemblance towards the 40 / 45 series but became more angular. The 70 / 71 series was the short-wheelbase (SWB), the 73 / 74 is the medium-wheelbase (MWB) while the 75 / 77 had been the long-wheelbase (LWB). The latter came as cab-chassis/utility with a “panelled” tray (pick-up), and “troop carrier” hard-top (HT). Toyota furthermore produced less heavy duty versions that provided the 70 show designation from 1985 to 1996, and were promoted in a variety of countries given that Bundera, the Prado, or even the Land Cruiser II. Among these, the Prado title caught, and each customization took they further from the 70 show origins. Starting in 1997 the Prado had been referred to as 90 show, along with become a light-duty passenger 4×4 without regards to the 70 Series.

1999: The pick-up variation had been designated the 79 series, the Troop Carrier became the 78 show, and short-wheelbase variation ended up being eliminated in most areas. The main mechanical changes had been: coil sprung (rather than leaf sprung) live front axle; much longer back leaf springs; 5-bolt rims in the place of 6-bolt rims; redesigned tyre; redesigned forward signs; and, inside cab-chassis, a lengthier wheelbase, which increased a corner space capacity.

2007: The facelifted 70 show started production in January for marketplace release in late February / early March 2007. Modifications involve considerable changes towards the forward end build, eliminating the trademark level fenders featured on all commercial Land Cruiser series’ because the FJ40. This modification along side a wider forward axle/track and wider chassis had been required to enable fitment associated with brand-new Euro-4 compliant 4.5L V8 turbo diesel, the 1VD-FTV. This motor was just for the Australian marketplace, in which it absolutely was the actual only real motor available. Africa alongside markets proceeded with straight-6 petrol and 1HZ diesel machines. To fill the hole remaining because of the reduction of lower-specification systems in the 100-series and 200-series ranges, a 4-door truck variant (The 76 show) ended up being introduced alongside the long-running cab-chassis (79 show) and Troop company (78 show) figures. For the first time a higher GXL requirements degree has also been launched in some areas when it comes to cab-chassis and truck variations. This specification degree included numerous extra benefits and safety features never ever formerly seen on commercial series Land Cruisers.

2009:Venezuela’s President Hugo Chávez threatened to expropriate Toyota’s flowers in that nation if Toyota along with other vehicle producers rejected to talk about their technologies with neighborhood companies and fulfill certain quotas. The 70 series Land Cruiser can be used throughout Venezuela for the transportation community, the authorities, together with nationwide Guard of Venezuela.

2012: Toyota launched a double-cabin HZJ79 pickup physique, incorporating the extended 3180 mm wheelbase of the previous two-door pickup with all the four doors and solitary, 130-litre fuel tank of the wagon body kinds.
The Land Cruiser 60 show had been produced from 1980 through 1990 for many markets nevertheless the Cumana Plant in Venezuela proceeded until 1992 for neighborhood marketplace. It’s a front motor, four door wagon that may seat five to eight folks. Like all Land Cruiser years, it is distinguished into the off road world for the off road abilities but ended up being notably limited by their awkward departure perspectives. The 60 show had been for sale in listed here solid exterior colors: Alpine light, Brown, Desert Beige, Freeborn Red, Royal azure; as well as in the next metallic exterior colors: charcoal-gray, Cognac, Gray-Blue, Rootbeer, sky-blue, Stardust Silver.

1980 — The 60 show had been launched. While still retaining the rugged off-road faculties of previous Land Cruisers, the 60 ended up being designed to best participate within the growing sport energy car market. The 60 was given many different conveniences like air-con, a rear heater and an upgraded interior. The FJ60’s “2F” petrol system ended up being remaining unchanged from the “40” series while six-cylinder 4.0 L 2H and four-cylinder 3.4 L 3B diesel motors were added to the merchandise range.
1981 — Land Cruiser product sales exceeded 1 million and a high-roof version ended up being launched. The 60 show ended up being launched to Southern Africa when an inventory Land Cruiser competed in Toyota 1000 kilometer Desert Race in the punishing wilds of Botswana.
1984 — it was the ultimate 12 months for 40 show.
1984 — Alongside the 60 series, the 70 show had been introduced.
1985 — The Direct-injection 12H-T turbodiesel system had been introduced.
1988 — The petrol motor had been upgraded to a 4.0 L 3F-E EFI system. The FJ62G VX-Series ended up being launched enabling the Land Cruiser become marketed in Japan as a passenger car.

The Land Cruiser 80 show ended up being revealed in October 1989 at Tokyo engine Show and launched in early 1990. They had swing-out straight back doors, of changed by a winch home in 1994. The Land Cruiser is nicknamed the Burbuja (Bubble) in Colombia and Venezuela due to its roundness, but it is formally released as Land Cruiser Autana in both countries. The name try a reference to the Tepui mesa Autana, a spectacular plateau and cave program along the Guiana guard craton. Land Cruiser product sales hit 2 million automobiles.

1990 — The 80 series section wagon had been introduced, replacing the 60 show. All 80s sold in North America and Europe have a full-time four-wheel drive system. In Japan, Africa, and Australia, a part-time program had been nevertheless offered. 80s created between 1990 and 1991 have an open center differential which was lockable in 4HI and instantly secured in 4LO. From 1992 forward, cars with anti-lock brakes have a viscous coupling that sent no more than 30% torque into non-slipping axle. The differential is lockable in 4HI and automatically closed in 4LO.
1990 — A unique generation of diesel machines are introduced, increasing the motors available in the 80 series. The 80 series was included with either a (3F-E) six-cylinder naturally aspirated petrol engine, a six-cylinder SOHC naturally aspirated diesel engine, (1HZ), or a 1HD-T direct shot turbo diesel.
1991 — By mid-1991 the (3F-E) was introduced to your Australian marketplace, a fuel inserted type of the 3F.
1993 — a sophisticated 24-valve, 4.5 L six-cylinder petrol engine, 1FZ-FE is launched. Larger brake system are included from October 1992 therefore the total wheelbase is made slightly much longer. Front and back axle lockers (signal k294) showed up as an option. The tall Pinion Electric Locking front differential be for sale in United States brands. In-may 1993 Toyota started using R134 refrigerant floating around fitness system. Serial numbers below JT3DJ81xxxxx38947 use R12 refrigerant.
1994 — a small version Land Cruiser Blue Marlin (FZJ80R) was introduced to the Australian marketplace. They’ve 4.5 L straight 6 petrol engines with double-overhead cams, automated or manual transmission and 158 kW (215 PS; 212 hp) at 4600 rpm. The vehicle is blue from Blue Marlin fish and they’ve got the azure Marlin logo for the car. A few of the services your azure Marlin included had been altimeters, power windows, disk brakes, leather-based gear knob and tyre, main locking, leather trim, chrome handles and sidesteps, 16″ alloy rims, limited-slip differential, anti-lock brakes (abdominal muscles), energy steering, CD and cassette players, flares, and a limited edition bull bar. Just 500 had been made.
1995 — Driver and passenger airbags are introduced since had been flexible shoulder-belt anchors and an anti-lock braking program. The “T O Y O T A” badge had been changed using modern-day Toyota logo (which will be often described as a “bean with a hat” aka “the sombrero”).
1996 — within the Dakar Rally, a set of Land Cruisers complete very first and next into the unmodified production course. All American and Uk eighties adopted anti-lock brakes and airbags as standard gear. The Land Cruiser is withdrawn from Canada this season and was replaced by the Lexus LX 450.
1997 — a small run of Land Cruiser 80s was built designed for collectors and for that reason known as the Land Cruiser enthusiast’s Edition. The Collectors version sported Collectors version badging, “Collector’s version” embroidered floors mats, automatic environment controls, rims using “D” microsoft windows painted dark grey and unique grey part moldings, and black colored pearl badging. The enthusiasts version was just designed for the 1997 model 12 months in addition to package ended up being added to most of the offered body colors.
1997 — 4744 FZJ80 Land Cruisers were marketed in america as “40th Anniversary brief version” brands. These people were obtainable in 2 colour; Antique Sage Pearl (also known as Riverrock, Pewter, or Grey) and Emerald Green. The 40th Anniversary models included apron badges, a serial amounts badge regarding centre system, black pearl outside badges, “40th Anniversary restricted version” embroidered floors mats, automatic environment control, two-tone tan and brown leather-based interiors, and rims utilizing the “D” house windows coated dark-gray. Many had been made utilizing the optional electric front and rear locking differentials, keyless entry, port-installed roof racks, and working boards. There are many instances that did not have a number of these extras. This is the this past year for the electric securing front side differentials.
2008 — Last 80-Series automobile was integrated Venezuela that was the actual only real nation making the motors after manufacturing finished in Japan in 1997.