Falcon EF EL NF NL

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    Covered* 4.0 litre (3984 cubic centimetre ) OHC 6 pistonTransmissions covered:* BTR (Borg Warner) T50D 5 gear manual* BTR 93 LE 4 speed automaticNOTE: Only maintenance adjustment simple maintenance tasks plus removal and installation are described for the Transmissions.Contents:* Tune Up and Routine Maintenance* Six piston motors* General motor Overhaul Procedures* Cooling Heationg and Air Conditioning Systems* Fuel and Exhaust Systems* motor wirings* Emission and motor Control Systems* Manual Transmission* Automatic Transmission* Clutch and Drivetrail* Brakes* Suspension and Rack and pinion (Covers Wagon Rear Leaf Springs)* Body* Chassis and wiring* Wiring Diagrams – EF Series* Wiring Diagrams – EL Series* Wiring Diagrams – XH Commercial ModelsCovers everything you need to know step by step procedures 100s of photos and drawings scheduled upkeep wiring diagrams repairs and overhauls and what tools to buy. Gregory’s manuals are based on an actual vehicle disassembly and are researched and written by automotive motorers with vast experience.Please note: The book covers the mechanicals of the ute and van including the leaf spring suspension and has wiring click to go
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    system tune-up information detailed and easy to follow diagrams covering the Falcon EF EL Fairlane NF NL (including the Concorde) LTD DF DL models between 1994 1998. Engines covered: 4.0-liter (3984 cc) OHC 6-cylinder 5.0-liter (4949 cc) OHV V8 Transmissions covered: 93LE 4-speed automatic (6-cylinder) 97LE 4-speed automatic (V8) This manual has complete overhaul details for both manual and automatic transmissions. Series: Falcon GLi Futura Fairmont Fairmont Ghia XR and Fairlane Fairlane Ghia LTD Contents: General Information. Engine Tune-Up and Maintenance. Emission Control. 6 Cylinder Engine Maintenance and Rebuild. V8 Engine Maintenance and Rebuild. Starter System. Alternator System. Cooling System. Ignition System. Fuel Systems (MPElectronic Fuel Injection SElectronic Fuel Injection). Clutch. Automatic Transmission BTR 93/97LE. 5 Speed Manual Cylinder Engine Maintenance and Rebuild. V8 Engine Maintenance and Rebuild. Starter System. Alternator System. Cooling System. Ignition System. Fuel Systems (MPElectronic Fuel Injection SElectronic Fuel Injection). Clutch. Automatic Transmission BTR 93/97LE. 5 Speed Manual click on
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    Manual covers the Ford Falcon and Fairlane 1994 thru 1998.Models Covered: Ford Falcon Series EF Electronic Fuel InjectionI and EL Fairlane Series NF NFII and NL LTD Series DF DFII and DL 4.0 liter 6 piston Engine 1994 through 1998.In this workshop manual you will find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures engine repair cooling and heating air-conditioning fuel and exhaust air pollution control ignition brakes springs and shock absorbers and Rack and pinion wirings and electrical schematics.Haynes workshop and service manuals are money saving on maintenance and repair bills. progressive procedures and illustrations guide you through every job from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild. Information on Repair and Service Manuals Note that repair manuals are normally produced for models sold in a particular country. Differences in specification can exist between models sold in different countries and items such as installed engines can differ. Please check that the manual will cover your model before purchase and if you need more detail please contact us here. . much more info

The Fairlane and LTD obtained a significant front side & rear re-style in March 1995 (EA77 show in Ford-speak), coinciding utilizing the EF Falcon, and stayed on the same system. The latest NF Fairlanes and DF LTDs are longer and curvier, concealing their particular 1980s origins fairly really. The outside build was even more ornamental when compared to fairly clean NAs to NCs. The Fairlane Sportsman reappeared for 1996, with the exact same formula as 1993, with all the 4.0-litre six.
In September 1996, the revised NL Fairlanes and DL LTDs made an appearance. In 1997, Ford introduced a higher Fairlane Concorde trim, with the exact same 4.0-litre and 5.0-litre motor options. No Sportsman variant regarding the Fairlane is supplied.

For clients, five supplier changed NL Series Fairlanes from Sydney and Melbourne used components through the 5.0-litre Mustang Cobra and Australian delivered SVO section due to the restricted edition run of this Fairlane by Tickford and customers wanting to keep up with the Luxury looks but sport the GT’s efficiency.

Ford expanded the Fairlane range significantly in 1998. Starting with the Ghia, there was clearly additionally a simple Concorde (six-cylinder) and Concorde Ghia (V8). A Tickford-modified variation has also been available, with the bigger engine, in addition to a deluxe Fairlane specialized Edition Ghia.

The NL/DL series were the last designs ahead designed with automatic self-leveling back suspension system
The Ford EF Falcon is a full-size vehicles which was produced by the Ford engine organization of Australian Continent between 1994 and 1996. An overall total of 192,100 EF brands were created just before substitution associated with EF because of the Ford EL Falcon in 1996.
The EF range started because of the GLI and Futura. GLI versions are available in sedan and wagon, pleasing many to fleet purchasers and families purchasers. GLI brands supplied 15-inch rims, body-coloured forward and back bumpers except insert mouldings, drivers airbag as standard, together with 5-speed guide is standard with 4.0-litre SOHC (solitary over mind cam) inline 6-cylinder, while a 5.0-litre V8 and 4-speed automated is optional.

The Futura shared the entire styling for the GLI together with the exact same system and transmission options. As the Futura benefited from exterior variations such body-coloured mirrors, bumpers and different wheel protects. The Futura is feature-rich, creating forward power microsoft windows, cruise control, abdominal muscles, rear headrests, interior map pockets standard, map lighting, 6-speaker speakers (six-stacker optional), an electronic time clock, adjustable intermittent wipers, fold-out rear-seat armrest and interior grab manages.

All base products offered an optional Tickford human body kit, boot installed spoiler with built-in avoid light, a range of 15- or 16-inch alloy wheels, six-stacker CD player (except GLI), disabled drivers pack and airbag suitable ‘Smart Bar’ bull-bar.
A turbocharger, or turbo ( was a turbine-driven required induction unit that increases a system’s efficiency and power by forcing additional air to the combustion chamber. This enhancement over an obviously aspirated motor’s output information because turbine can force most atmosphere, and proportionately most fuel, to the combustion chamber than atmospheric force alone.

Turbochargers had been initially called turbosuperchargers whenever all required induction products are classified as superchargers. These days the term “supercharger” is generally placed on only mechanically driven forced induction devices. One of the keys distinction between a turbocharger and a regular supercharger is the fact that latter try mechanically driven by the engine, usually through a belt attached to the crankshaft, whereas a turbocharger try powered by a turbine driven because of the motor’s fatigue gas. In comparison to a mechanically driven supercharger, turbochargers tend to be more efficient, but less responsive. Twincharger describes an engine with both a supercharger and a turbocharger.

A supercharger was an environment compressor that advances the stress or density of environment provided to an internal burning motor. This provides each intake cycle of system most air, letting it burn up more gasoline and manage even more perform, therefore increasing power.

Power the supercharger is supplied mechanically in the form of a gear, gear, shaft, or sequence attached to the system’s crankshaft. Whenever energy was supplied by a turbine powered by fatigue gas, a supercharger is recognized as a turbosupercharger — usually described merely as a turbocharger or simply turbo. Typical consumption limits the expression supercharger to mechanically driven products.
Positive-displacement pumps are further split into external and internal compression kinds.

Roots superchargers were additional compression best (although high-helix roots blowers make an effort to emulate the interior compression regarding the Lysholm screw).

Exterior compression identifies pumps that transfer atmosphere at ambient pressure to the motor. If the system are operating under increase conditions, the stress when you look at the intake manifold exceeds that from the supercharger. That creates a backflow from the engine to the supercharger through to the two reach equilibrium. It is the backflow that truly compresses the incoming gasoline. This will be an inefficient procedure therefore the main factor in decreased performance of origins superchargers whenever used at higher increase amounts. The low the increase degree small is this control, and origins blowers are efficient at going air at low pressure differentials, that is what they had been conceived for (therefore the original term “blower”).

The rest of the kinds possess some degree of inner compression.

Internal compression refers to the compression of atmosphere within the supercharger it self, which, currently at or near augment amount, could be delivered effortlessly towards the system with little to no or no back flow. This really is more effective than straight back circulation compression and permits higher efficiency to-be accomplished. Internal compression equipment often make use of a set internal compression ratio. As soon as the increase stress is equal to the compression force regarding the supercharger, the back movement was zero. In the event that increase stress exceeds that compression pressure, straight back movement can still take place as in a roots blower. Internal compression blowers should be paired toward expected boost force to have the higher effectiveness they’re effective at, otherwise they’ll sustain equivalent dilemmas and reasonable efficiency regarding the roots blowers.
The sport number made up the XR6, that has been obtainable in both sedan and wagon, and XR8, which was just for sale in a sedan. Both XR6 and XR8 had strong outside styling comparable to earlier XR Falcons, featuring twin headlamps and purple or black colored bumper pieces (with regards to the system color) and unique 15-inch alloy rims.

All XR products had the attributes of the Futura plus their functions, like Tickford reprogrammed gear changes for the digitally controlled four-speed automobile, Tickford created recreations suspension system including lower springs and upgraded swaybars, back spoiler with built-in braking system lighter traditional on both wagons and sedans (rear-window-mounted stop light nevertheless present but handicapped), limited slip differential standard with a lowered ratio for enhanced speed, adjustable see-through sports front side and back headrests, ‘Sports’ forward container chairs with side bolsters, oils force and power current gauges, ‘Charcoal’ leather-wrapped controls, lower oil force and washer liquid lower warning lighting, dual horn note.

The XR6 have equivalent 4.0-litre SOHC (single over mind cam) inline 6-cylinder once the base models however with Tickford alloy cylinder heads, a Tickford spec cam along side higher stress device springs and special EEC programs to help make the all the modifications designed to the engine. A press bent 2.5-inch exhaust was also included, a small update across standard 2.25-inch program. The XR6 brings 164 kW @ 5000 rpm up from 161 kW into the ED Falcon. The XR8 possess a 5.0-litre OHV (over mind device) V8 delivering 170 kW @ 4500 rpm up from 165 kW when you look at the ED Falcon. LPG had not been offered as a factory alternative on XR6 and XR8 models.

Transmissions offered are a 5-speed manual as traditional and a 4-speed car that will be electronically influenced and tuned by Tickford.
Deluxe designs inside EF Falcon range are not labeled as Falcon; they certainly were labeled either a Ford Fairmont or Ford Fairmont Ghia. The Fairmont ended up being on the basis of the Futura along with all of the features regarding the Futura but added a trip computer system, climate control as standard, adjustable steering wheel, Remote Boot Release, Remote Keyless Entry, main locking and 15″ alloy tires. The Fairmont Ghia added a 9-speaker sound system, boot mounted 6 CD stacker, subwoofer and Ghia badging. The Fairmont and Fairmont Ghia models had chrome accents, in a different way designed headlights, bonnets and front club, and were the actual only real model within the EF Falcon range to own a grille (albeit non-functional). 4-speed automated transmission is standard across the Fairmont lineup together with the option of the 4.0-litre SOHC (single over mind cam) inline 6-cylinder or a 5.0-litre OHV (over head valve) V8. The 6 cylinder Ghia variation got the engine out of the XR6. The real difference in power result is attributed to the quieter exhaust program suited to the Ghia rather than the greater streaming program associated with XR.
If the Series II EF Falcon premiered two special versions were offered. A vintage option pack was supplied on GLi and Futura sedans and wagons from November 1995 to March 1996 and an Olympic Classic pack ended up being offered on a single brands from May 1996 to August 1996.
Series II

The show II is introduced in 1995 including over 1000 newer services and removed the XR6 truck from the number. A new front side suspension had been launched because complaints it was to “nervous” when managing, another major improvement is the standardisation of a passenger airbag (except the GLI however it had been a no cost solution). Series II EF Falcons are identifiable by modified hub caps from the GLi design, revised human anatomy part scrub pieces from the Futura, and black B-pillars regarding Fairmont Ghia. All EF II Falcons showcase a wide-angle convex passenger side-door mirror.
Definitely the most important “facelift” associated with “E” series Falcon had been the “EF”.

Utilizing the notable exemption of the doorways, the remaining panels were all new, and today the luxury Fairmont and Fairmont Ghia variations could possibly be recognized by very different frontal therapy.

Mechanically, the EF applied hydraulic system supports in conjunction with an innovative new crankshaft (containing 12 counterweights).

The Ford designers had the ability to extract a supplementary 16 additional kilowatts from an already efficient 4.0 litre engine.

With maximum power of 157 kW (at 4900 rpm), this incarnation of the Falcon six comes near to matching the 5.0 litre V8’s 165 kW!

Perhaps the torque for the 6 is nearly suitable, now being 357 Nm compared to 388 for V8.
The EL offered as a facelift of the forerunner, the EF Falcon, which started production in 1994. The “E-series” architecture can locate its origins back once again to 1988 using the EA. Ford launched some improvements aimed at extending the life associated with the “E-series” body while the AU Falcon was being developed, which resulted in the highest ever annual deals of a Falcon.
Compared to the EF, the obvious aesthetic modification had been the return regarding the front grille for GLi and Futura products. The grille itself had been now elliptical in shape, a trait provided by other Ford designs available at the time. The overall result was to give the front side of the car a rounded artistic motif, continuing a shift out of the angular aero design of early “E-series” designs. Through the backside, emerald indicators had been installed in the base sedan models, with white lenses set aside when it comes to deluxe and station wagons. The efficiency systems (XR6 and XR8) saw revised quad headlights.
Purchasers of this introductory GLi, Futura (pictured) and Fairmont have a choice of both sedan and station wagon human anatomy types. In comparison to EB–EF facility wagons, ELs tend to be classified by white in place of amber rear change indicators.

Indoor upgrades emerged by means of reshaped seating and headrests, newer colour schemes and switches. Third-row seating, a cargo buffer, and preinstalled wiring to accommodate cellular phone use are provided as choices for the facility truck alternatives. Additionally, all products were fitted with an enhanced screen movie known as Smart Tint, which claimed to deliver comparable safeguards levels of SPF15 sunscreen. For enhanced automobile refinement, thicker glass is put in to lessen wind noise and a further insulation had been added inside dashboard to produce a quieter ride.
The 1906-1907 Ford’s earliest straight-6 motor is introduced when you look at the Model K.

Henry Ford failed to like the vehicle due to the fact system could overpower their transmission. Next Ford six had been launched into the 1941 Ford. The Ford Motor organization of The united states carried on producing directly six motors until these were replaced when you look at the mid-1990s by scaled-down V6 styles. Ford Australia manufactures these motors with their Falcon and Ford area automobiles.
Starting in 1960, Ford of Australian Continent used equivalent I-6 machines as North America, featuring the 144 c.i. and 170 c.i.pursuit versions. The 144 c.i. engine ended up being discontinued in late 1966. Furthermore such as the united states, a 200 c.i.super goal motor is included in 1967. In 1968, Ford of Australian Continent enhanced the deck level associated with design to help make place for increasing crankshaft stroke, leading to displacements of 188c.i. and 221c.i. (badged 3.1 and 3.6 litres). They superseded the 170c.i. and 200c.i. engines when you look at the lineup.

In 1970, Ford of Australia enlarged the motors to 200c.i. & 250c.i. The pinnacle ended up being of the identical build as earlier products, with an integral intake catering for 1 single barrel Bendix-Stromberg carburettor. In configuration, the Falcon 250c.i. I-6 was ranked at 155 hp (116 kW). For this time Ford of Australia also developed the ‘2V’ cylinder head, that all areas ended up being much like the past integrated “log mind” intake, apart from a removable aluminum consumption which attached a Bendix-Stromberg WW 2-barrel carburettor. To make use of the much enhanced breathing potential your removable intake brought to this new head, the 250-2V also featured a better breathing exhaust manifold. The result was the motor being rated at 170 hp (127 kW).

For years the 250-2V cylinder mind had been quite popular for race and several have-been brought in to North America, where owners of automobiles utilizing the Falcon inline six need enhanced their particular engines with all the better cylinder mind.

In 1976, Ford of Australia updated the engines with a brand new cast-iron crossflow head build. Engine displacements remained 200c.i. and 250c.i., but had been now badged 3.3 and 4.1 litres correspondingly. These engines are offered in the Ford Falcon XC in Australian Continent. Whereas the last integral “log mind” I-6 motor borrowed from the Ford FE motor family build, the brand new crossflow motor borrowed through the Ford 351 Cleveland motor families. A common update for a crossflow head motor is to utilize 351 Cleveland roller idea rocker hands.

Ford of Australian Continent updated the crossflow build in mid-1980 with a new aluminum mind casting. The alloy head is familiar with augment warm up time and minimize fuel intake and emissions. Up until 1982, the engines are installed with a single barrel Bendix-Stromberg carburetor, but from March 1982 were fitted with a Weber 2-barrel carburetor, which have enhanced gas usage across single-barrel carbohydrate. The Weber carburettored machines were badged Alloy-Head II

Later, a Bosch Jetronic fuel-injected variation with direct slot gasoline injection had been offered in the XE Falcon, and was only offered as an aluminium 4.1 L. The XF Falcon’s 4.1 then received Ford’s EEC-IV motor management system with Multi aim EFI (The carburetor system ended up being however installed standard, and EFI is optional). There have been adjustment toward carburetor-based motor to accommodate the digital gas injections program. The compression ratio on 4.1 L had been 8.89:1. The cylinder mind intake harbors was in fact altered to give clearance for injectors, and an innovative new consumption manifold was created and many more changes are manufactured in the system bay to support the newest fuel program.

Energy at certain rpm (DIN) Pre ’86 operating on leaded gas
3.3 L 90 kW (121 hp) @ 4100 rpm
4.1 L carburetor 98 kW (131 hp) @ 3750 rpm
4.1 L E.F.I engine 120 kW (161 hp) @ 4000 rpm

Torque at specified rpm (DIN) Pre ’86 running on leaded gasoline
3.3 L 240 N*m (180 lb*ft) @ 2500 rpm
4.1 L carburetor 305 N*m (225 lb*ft) @ 2400 rpm
4.1 L E.F.I engine 333 N*m (246 lb*ft) @ 3000 rpm

Energy at specified rpm (DIN) ADR 37 compliant motor operating on unleaded gas
3.3 L 89 kW (119 hp) @ 4000 rpm
4.1 L Carburetor 98 kW (131 hp) @ 3600 rpm
4.1 L E.F.I engine 123 kW (165 hp) @ 4000 rpm

Torque at certain rpm (DIN) ADR 37 certified engine running on unleaded fuel
3.3 L 238 N*m (176 lb*ft) @ 2200 rpm
4.1 L carburetor 297 N*m (219 lb*ft) @ 2000 rpm
4.1 L E.F.we engine 325 N*m (240 lb*ft) @ 3000 rpm

In 1988, the inline six machines underwent a major redesign for EA Falcon and from now on showcased an innovative new single expense cam (SOHC) crossflow aluminum head. The camshaft and additional shaft become driven by a ‘duplex’ sequence. The duplex sequence drives the distributor and also the oil pump shafts. The camshaft was supported regarding the cylinder head by making use of ‘topless’ bearings. Bearing liners are not made use of. The camshaft was held in place using valve spring force. Hydraulic lash adjusters installed on the rocker arms are acclimatized to incorporate zero valve lash. As with every previous and present versions, the block try cast iron, however with a decrease in the cylinder bore to try and reduce emissions.

The SOHC motors are supplied due to the fact 3.2L (with throttle human anatomy injection) while the 3.9L (with throttle body or multipoint gas injections). In 1989, the 3.2L TBI version had been stopped, plus in 1991 the 3.9L’s displacement had been enlarged to 4.0L (today just with MPI) and ended up being rated at 148 kW (198 hp). 1995 saw the introduction of the twin resonance intake manifold the EF show. In addition the EF show Falcon, the typical engine used a high-energy coil-pack ignition program. But the EL Falcon used a distributor/coil ignition setup, as with Falcon brands just before EF.

Ford of Australian Continent redesigned the I-6 once again in 1998, and enhanced the main bearing size and added a ladder style biggest stud girdle integral because of the oils cooking pan to increase reduced end rigidity. The engine additionally received adjustable cam timing technology in some associated with the XR systems, which can advance or retard cam time according to motor rpm, which provides a much broader energy musical organization. The 2002 Falcon strength motor had an electrical rating of 157 kW, the XR model alternatives had either 164 kW (HO – higher Output) or 172 kW (VCT) additionally the Fairmont have 168 kW (VCT). All had been I6 engines, all had been 4.0 litres.

In 2002 the engine gotten two fold overhead cams (DOHC) with adjustable cam timing while the Barra inline six motors and, depending on the form of motor, had been available in the 2002 BA Falcon, Fairlane, while the SX area. The BA 195 powers the Falcon and Falcon “Utes” (since 2008) combined with the SZ Territory (since 2011). The BA195 try ranked at 261 hp (195 kW) @ 6000 rpm and 391 N*m (288 lb*ft) lbs @ 3250 rpm or 198 kW and 409Nm on 95 octane premiums fuels with greater standards reached on 98 octane exceeding 420Nm of torque versus 391Nm during regular 91 octane whilst the BA 190 try ranked at 255 hp (190 kW) @ 5250 rpm and 383 N*m (282 lb*ft) @ 2500 rpm. All DOHC motors showcase the coil on plug direct ignition system.

There have been some noteworthy overall performance versions associated with the DOHC Barra inline sixes.

The Barra 240T, which was a turbocharged, fuel-injected, intercooled DOHC inline six producing 240 kW (322 hp) and 450 N*m (330 lb*ft) lbs of torque, was offered between 2002 and 2005 inside BA Falcon XR6 and XR6 Turbo along with the Territory Turbo. It was observed within the BF & BF Mk II (between 2005 and 2008) by the Barra 245T producing 329 hp (245 kW) of power and 480 N*m (350 lb*ft) of torque which in turn was observed in FG (since 2008) by the Barra 270T making 362 hp (270 kW) of energy and 533 N*m (393 lb*ft) of torque.

Ford Australia’s high-performance unit FPV created much more powerful Turbocharged model alternatives that have been upgraded mostly co-inciding with the updates associated with regular Falcon. The very first Turbocharged Straight-6-engined vehicles from FPV ended up being the BA Mk II F6 (2004–2005) which produced 362 hp (270 kW) of energy and 550 N*m (410 lb*ft) of torque. The BF (2005–2006) and BF Mk II (2006–2008) F6’s had the same power and torque numbers. Initial energy and torque upgrade included the present FG model which has 416 hp (310 kW) of energy @ 5500 rpm and 565 N*m (417 lb*ft) of torque. The Barra 310T could be the very first Australian-built engine to obtain more than 100 hp per litre, and before release of the brand new Ford supercharged “Miami” V8, created more torque than just about any Australian-built system currently.

Nizpro Turbocharging, based in Victoria, Australia, due to their origins in Nissan machines, switched their particular attention to the Barra system and were the first to draw out 1,000 hp (746 kW) reliably from a Barra 240T system in 2004, with very carefully designed webcams, manifolds and turbocharger. With Motec motor control the motor rev limitation had been risen to 7200 rpm also it created 1,000 N*m (740 lb*ft) of torque at only 3500 rpm. A custom crank, conrods and pistons were utilized however the cylinder head was remaining unmodified besides the camshafts and valve springs. The motor is readily available for purchase becoming built by the people, but at a high price tag of over A$38,000

Ford of Australian Continent have meant to discontinue creation of the I-6 machines at their particular Geelong system plant this year, and exchange all of them with brought in Duratec V6s from the united states. Because of the radical boost of oils costs in 2008 and also the following economic chaos, the decision was reversed. Alternatively, Ford of Australian Continent announced on 20 November 2008 that 21 million Au bucks will be dedicated to the Geelong engine plant to create the I-6 engines up-to-date using the current Euro IV emissions specifications.
The EL brought along with it improvements to braking and dealing with. Speed-sensitive energy steering in the Fairmont Ghia made parking most simple, without limiting high-speed steering. Aided by the introduction regarding the new-model, buyers could today buy a Falcon with standard (recommended on GLi) anti-lock brake system featuring modern Bosch 5.3 module. Probably the biggest advancement because of the EL was the modifications to the handling problems of this EF, with improvements set up into suspension system and steering. Designers at Tickford had discovered that by reducing the pivot aim regarding the Watt’s linkages within the rear suspension system by 20 millimetres (0.8 in), the roll oversteer impact which affected the EF could finally become eradicated. Formerly on EF products, during tough cornering the rear end of the vehicle frequently thought as though it may perhaps not maintain the leading, because of the difference in roll price involving the front side and rear suspension. Caused by this created unpredictable automobile handling in some instances, where delayed pounds transfer within rear would look for to harm the integrity for the outside back tyre grip. This was exaggerated even more in damp climate or on automobiles installed with bad tyres. Although this difficulties had been resolved to a diploma when you look at the EFII revision, it absolutely was the EL that became the very first base-level Falcon to feature a rear suspension setup that would complement the precision of rack-and-pinion steering launched into the EA Falcon eight many years earlier in the day. The enhanced suspension system geometry allowed Ford to soften the spring rate on both front and rear in the EL for an even more compliant trip, while the driver no longer have roll oversteer to consist of.
Ford launched the Sapphire soon after Holden debuted the VT Commodore in 1997, in a bid to really make the EL considerably competitive. The name had been used again through the Ford Sierra Sapphire sedan marketed in Europe and New Zealand. It had been a small version design along with two alternatives considering either the GLi or even the Futura, fitted with additional functions, nevertheless the listing differed depending on the base design plumped for. All Sapphires have 15-inch (380 mm) alloy wheels and metallic paint as standard. Other reactions towards VT Commodore were the Classic and Falcon S products. Similarly to the Sapphire, they too are minimal version variants considering either the GLi or Futura. Traditional for Falcon S included a six-stack CD player, ac, and alloy wheels which were the same as those suited to the XR6 and XR8 models of the earlier ED Falcon range. Later on, in March 1998, right before the publish regarding the AU Falcon, a Sapphire II had been launched.