BMW motorbikes

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    R60 599cc 1970 – 1978 • R65 649cc 1978 – 1988 • R65LS 649cc 1981 – 1985 • R75 745cc 1970 – 1977 • R80 797cc 1984 – 1994 • R80G/S 797cc 1980 – 1987 (Includes Paris-Dakar Versions) • R80GS 797cc 1987 – 1994 • R80ST 797cc 1982 – 1984 • R80R 797cc 1994 • R80RT 797cc 1982 – 1994 • R100 979cc 1980 – 1984 • R100/7 979cc 1976 – 1979 • R100CS 979cc 1980 – 1984 • R100SRS 979cc 1978 • R100RT 979cc 1979 – 1996 • R100R 979cc 1992 – 1996 • R100GS 979cc 1987 – 1996 (Includes Paris-Dakar Versions) USA Models: • R50 498cc 1969 – 1973 • R60 599cc 1969 – 1978 • R65 649cc 1979 – 1987 • R65LS 649cc 1982 – 1984 • R75 745cc 1969 – 1977 • R80 797cc 1985 – 1987 • R80/7 797cc 1977 – 1980 • R80G/S 797cc 1981 – 1986 (Includes Paris-Dakar Versions) • R80ST 797cc 1983 – 1984 R100 979cc 1981 – 1984 • R100/7 979cc 1976 – 1978 • R100T 979cc 1979 – 1980 • R100ST 979cc 1980 • R100TR 979cc 1982 – 1983 • R100SP 979cc 1982 – 1983 • R100S 979cc 1976 – 1980 • R100CS 979cc 1981 – 1984 • R100RS 979cc 1976 – 1992 Please note: The 4-Valve engine come here
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    the following models: * K1200RS 1998 – 2005 * K1200GT 2003 – 2005 * K1200LT 1999 – 2010 Note: this manual DOES NOT cover transverse mounted four-cylinder models a.k.a "Slant K-bikes.". Contents: * Quick Reference Data * General Information * Troubleshooting Cylinder Leakdown Test / Electrical Testing * Lubrication Maintenance And Tune Up Moditec Diagnosis And Integral Abs Bleed Test / Engine Oil And Filter / Final Drive Oil / Speedometer Sensor Cleaning / Compression Test / Air Filter Replacement / Fuel Filter / Valve Clearance / Slide Rail / Tensioner Rail Lining And Thrust Piece / Spark Plugs / Maintenance Schedule Interval * Engine Block / Crankshaft Cover / Cylinder Head / Timing Cover / Cam Chain Tensioner / Crankshaft Oil Seal / Timing Chain Guides And Sprockets / Camshafts / Valves / Intermediate Housing / Auxiliary Shaft / Starter Clutch / Idler System ABS Ii Pads / Calipers / Brake Fluid / Front Rear Master Cylinder / Disc And Sensor Wheel / Abs Sensor / Abs Control Unit / Abs Relay / Rear Brake Pedal / Brake Bleeding * Integral ABS Pads / Calipers / Front And Rear Master Cylinder / Abs Control Unit / Abs Sensor / Disc And Sensor Wheel * link here
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    Covers the following models: * BMW F650 (U.S. and U.K. 1997-2000) * BMW F650 Funduro (U.K. 1994-1996) * BMW F650ST (U.S. 1997) * BMW F650 Strada (U.K. 1997-1999) * BMW F650 Strada SE (2000) Contents: * QUICK REFERENCE DATA * GENERAL INFORMATION Manual organization / Warnings cautions and notes / Safety / Serial numbers / Fasteners / Shop supplies / Basic tools / Precision measuring tools / Electrical system fundamentals / Special tools / Basic service methods / Storage * TROUBLESHOOTING Operating requirements / Starting the engine / Engine performance / Starting system / Charging system / Ignition system / Fuel system / Engine noises / Engine lubrication / Clutch / Transmission / Lighting system / Excessive vibration / Front suspension and steering / Brake system * LUBRICATION MAINTENANCE AND TUNE-UP Pre-ride checklist / Tyres and wheels / Battery / Engine filter air box / Exhaust system / Crankcase breather system / Evaporative emission control system (California models) / Evaporative emission control system service / Secondary air system (U.S. and Switzerland models) * ELECTRICAL SYSTEM Preliminary inspections / Battery box / Charging system / further data
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    1986 * K100RS 987cc 1984 – 1989 * K100RT 987cc 1984 – 1988 * K100LT 987cc 1986 – 1992 Please note: This manual also covers the UK BMW K75S Special K100RS Special and K100RS Motorsport Limited Edition models. Please also note: The 4-valve BMW K100RS BMW K1 BMW K1100 and BMW K1200 models ARE NOT covered in this manual. Contents: * Maintenance * Engine Clutch And Transmission * Fuel System And Lubrication * Ignition System * Frame And Forks * Wheels Brakes And Tyres * Electrical System Including Wiring Diagrams. more info
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    BMW R850GS 1999 – 2001 * BMW R1100GS 1994 – 2000 * BMW R1150GS 2000 – 2003 * BMW R1150GS Adventure 2002 – 2006 * BMW R1100R 1995 – 2001 * BMW R1150R 2001 – 2006 * BMW R1150R Rockster 2003 – 2005 * BMW R1100RS 1993 – 2002 * BMW R1150RS 2002 – 2004 * BMW R1100S 1999 – 2005 * BMW R1100SS 1999 – 2005 * BMW R1100RT 1996 – 2001 * BMW R1150RT 2001 – 2005 Contents: * Living With Your BMW R850 R1100 R1150 – Identification Numbers – Buying Spare Parts – Pre-Ride Checks – Engine Oil Level – Brake Fluid Levels – Tyres – Bike Specs * Maintenance – Routine Maintenance and Servicing – Specifications – Lubricants and Fluids – Maintenance Schedule – Component Locations – Maintenance Procedures * Repairs and Overhaul – Engine Clutch and Transmission – Fuel and Exhaust Systems – Ignition System – Frame and Suspension – Brakes Wheels and Final Drive – Fairing and Bodywork – Electrical System – Wiring Diagrams * Reference – Tools and Workshop Tips – Security – Storage – Troubleshooting come here
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    GENERAL INFORMATION Models / Manual organization / Service hints / Tools / Expendable supplies / Safety hints / Specifications * TROUBLESHOOTING Operating requirements / Starting difficulties / Poor idling / Misfiring / Flat spots / Power loss / Overheating / Engine noises / Piston seizure / Excessive vibration / Clutch slip or drag / Transmission / Poor handling / Brake problems / Electrical problems / Troubleshooting guide / Specifications * PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND TUNE-UP Maintenance intervals / Tools and parts / Servicing / Oil and filter / Tune-up / Head bolt torque and valve adjustment / Spark plugs / Breaker points / Ignition timing / Air cleaner / Fuel delivery / Float level / Carburetor / Clutch / Battery / Front forks / Final drive / Drive shaft / Specifications * ENGINE Removal / Installation / Camshaft and timing gears / Cylinder head / Piston Neutral switch / Indicator lights / Instruments / Wiring harness / Specifications * RESTORATION Original paint restoration / Repainting / Upholstery / Chromed parts / Rubber or vinyl parts / Performance / Specifications * APPENDIX / SPECIFICATIONS R50 US / R60 US / R69 US more advice
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    following models: * BMW R1200GS 1170cc 2010 – 2012 * BMW R1200GS Adv 1170cc 2010 – 2012 * BMW R1200RT 1170cc 2010 – 2012 * BMW R1200R 1170cc 2011 – 2012 Contents: * Living With Your BMW R1200 Twin – Identification Numbers – Buying Spare Parts – Pre-Ride Checks – Engine Oil Level – Brake Fluid Levels – Tyres – Bike Specs * Maintenance – Routine Maintenance And Servicing – Specifications – Lubricants And Fluids – Maintenance Schedule – Component Locations – Maintenance Procedures * Repairs And Overhaul – Engine Clutch And Transmission – Fuel And Exhaust Systems – Ignition System – Frame And Suspension – Brakes Wheels And Final Drive – Electrical System – Wiring Diagrams * Reference – Tools And Workshop Tips – Security – Storage – Troubleshooting come here
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    following models: * BMW K75 Low seat 1989 * BMW K75 1989-1995 * BMW K75T 1986-1987 * BMW K75S 1987-1988 1990-1995 * BMW K75C 1986-1988 * BMW K75RT 1990-1995 * BMW K100RS 1985-1988 * BMW K100RT 1985-1988 * BMW K100LT 1987-1988 * BMW K100RS-ABS 1988-1989 1991-1992 * BMW K100LT-ABS 1989-1991 * BMW K1 1990-1993 * BMW K1100LT-ABS 1993-1997 * BMW K1100RSA 1993-1997 Contents: * Quick Reference Data * General Information Manual Organization / Notes Warnings And Cautions / Safety First / Service Hints / Special Tips / Torque Specifications / Fasteners / Lubricants / Expendable Supplies / Parts Replacement / Serial Numbers / Information Labels / Basic Hand Tools / Test Equipment / Mechanic's Tips / Riding Safety / Specifications * Troubleshooting Operating Requirements / Emergency Troubleshooting / Engine Starting / Engine Performance / Engine Noises / Excessive Radiator / Coolant Recovery System / Hoses / Front Wheel (3-Spoke Type) / Front Hub / Tyre Balancing (3-Spoke Wheel) / Handlebar / Steering Dampener (K1 And K1100rs) / Steering Head And Stem (K75 K75rt And K75s0 / Front Fork (K75 K75rt K75s 1992-On) / Front Fork (K1 K100rs K100lt) / Front Fork find out more…..
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    2002-2005 USA 2000-2004 UK * BMW R1150RS 2002-2004 USA 2001-2003 UK * BMW R1150RT 2002-2004 USA 2000-2004 UK * BMW R1200C 1998-2004 USA and UK Please note: This manual DOES NOT COVER specifics to R1200CL or R1200C Montauk models. Contents: * GENERAL INFORMATION Manual Organization / Warnings Cautions and Notes / Safety / Serial Numbers / Fasteners / Shop Supplies / Basic Tools / Precision Measuring Tools / Electrical Fundamentals / Basic Service Methods / Storage / Specifications * TROUBLESHOOTING Operating Requirements / Starting The Engine / Starting Difficulties / Engine Performance / Engine Noises / Engine Lubrication / Cylinder Leakdown Test / Clutch / Transmission / Final Drive / Electrical Testing / Lighting System / Starting System / Charging System / Ignition System / Front Suspension and Steering / Brake System * LUBRICATION MAINTENANCE AND TUNE-UP Fuel R850C and 1200C Models) / Throttle Cable Adjustment (1993-1995 R850C and R1200C Models) / Throttle Body Synchronization and Idle Speed Adjustment / Alternator Drive Belt Adjustment / Specifications * ENGINE TOP END Engine Service Notes / Cylinder Head Cover / Cylinder Head / Valve Gear Holder / more info
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    Introduction * BMW – They Did It Their Way * Acknowledgements * About This Manual * Identification Numbers * Safety First * Pre-Ride Checks * Maintenance * Engine Clutch and Transmission * Engine Management Systems * Frame Suspension & Final Drive * Brakes Wheels & Tyres * Electrical system * Wiring diagrams extra
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    This Manual – Safety First – Identification Numbers – Buying Spare Parts – Model Development – Bike Specs * Pre-Ride Checks – Coolent Level – Engine Oil Level – Suspension Steering and Drive Chain or Belt – Brake Fluid Levels – Legal and Safety – Tyres * Maintenance – Specifications – Lubricants and Fluids – Maintenance Schedule – Component Locations – Maintenance Procedures * Repairs and Overhaul – Engine Clutch & Transmission – Cooling System – Engine Management System * Chassis Components – Frame and Suspension – Brakes Wheels and Tyres Final Drive – Fairing and Bodywork * Electrical System * Wiring Diagrams more details…..
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    Level – Brake Fluid Levels – Tyres – Suspension Steering and Drive Chain or Belt – Legal and Safety – Model Development – Bike Specs – Identification Numbers – Buying Spare Parts – Safety First * Maintenance – Specifications – Lubricants and Fluids – Maintenance Schedule Funduro & ST Models – Maintenance Schedule GS Dakar & CS Models – Component Locations – Maintenance Procedures * Repairs and Overhaul – Engine Clutch & Transmission – Cooling System – Fuel System and Exhaust Funduro & ST Models – Fuel System and Exhaust GS Dakar & CS Models – Ignition System * Chassis Components – Frame and Suspension – Brakes Wheels and Tyres Final Drive – Bodywork * Electrical System * Wiring Diagrams click here…..

In 1970, BMW introduced an entirely refurbished manufacturer product line of 500 cc, 600 cc and 750 cc displacement versions, the R50/5, R60/5 and R75/5 correspondingly, which was included with the “US” telescopic forks mentioned above. The engines were an entire redesign. The roller and ball-bearings in the bottom end was replaced by shell-type journal bearings much like those used in contemporary automobile motors. The camshaft, which was in fact at the top of the system, had been placed directly under the crankshaft, providing better surface clearance in cylinders while keeping the low centre of gravity of the flat-twin layout. The brand new engine had an electric starter, although the old-fashioned gearbox-mounted kick starter had been retained. The styling for the first systems included chrome-plated part panels and a restyled container. The /5 show was given a lengthier back swingarm, causing a lengthier wheelbase. This improved the managing and permitted a more substantial battery becoming set up.

The /5 products are the first to ever feel built at BMW’s new bike factory in Spandau, West Berlin. Motorcycle production had been relocated from the Milbertshofen factory in Munich to this factory, which was constructed on your website previously occupied by a Siemens aircraft motor factory.

The /5 versions had been temporary, however, becoming changed by another brand new brand in 1974. In that seasons the 500 cc model is deleted from the lineup and an even larger 900 cc model ended up being launched, because was a five-speed gearbox, and improvements into electric program and frame geometry. These products had been the R60/6, R75/6 and also the R90/6. In 1973 a supersport model, the BMW R90S, had been introduced. In 1975, the kick starter ended up being eventually eradicated.
1994 BMW R100RT

In 1977, the item line managed to move on to your “/7” versions. The R80/7 ended up being included with the line. The R90 (898 cc) systems, “/6” and R90S brands are replaced by updated versions with a new 1,000 cc; motor, the R100/7, the R100S as well as the latest extremely athletics design the R100RS with a full fairing. This streamlined model, designed through wind-tunnel testing, created 70 hp (51 kW) along with a top speed of 200 km/h (124 miles per hour). The R100RS have a shorter buttocks ratio to overcome the greater wind resistance of full fairing. Most period motorcycle examinations in Germany (Das Motorrad) indicated it was actually somewhat slowly as compared to R100S with only 65 hp. In 1978, the R100RT is introduced into the lineup for the 1979 design year, as BMW’s very first “full-dress” tourer. The RS and RT fairings are very similar in appearance; but the RS fairing is essentially a lightweight streamlining/protective layer and windscreen without any more functionality, whilst the RT layer ended up being weightier together with two “glove field” lockable compartments, ventilation louvres and an adjustable windscreen. The RT fairing had been popular for police motorcycles, with broadcast products into the fairing compartments.

In 1979, the R60 was replaced with all the 650 cc R65, an entry-level bike with 48 hp (36 kW) that had their very own frame design. Because of its modest size and better geometrics, front and back 18-inch (460 mm) rims and a really lighter flywheel, is a very well-handling bicycle that may easily maintain and also hightail it from its bigger brothers when in appropriate on the job sinuous roadways. BMW included a variant in 1982: the R65LS, a “sportier” design with a one-fourth fairing, double front side disc brakes, stiffer suspension and different carburettors that included 5 hp (4 kW).

In early 1983, BMW introduced a 987 cc, in-line four-cylinder, water-cooled fuel injected motor to the European marketplace, the K100. The K-series includes a simplified and unique rear suspension system, a single-sided swingarm. (In 1985 the traditionally operated boxer R80RT touring bicycle got this monolever rear suspension system system as well as in 1987 the R100RT gotten it).

In 1985, BMW launched a 750 cc three-cylinder version, this one smoothed with another first, a counterbalance shaft.

In 1986, BMW introduced an electrically adjustable windshield on the K100LT.

In 1988, BMW introduced abdominal muscles on its motorcycles. abdominal muscles became standard on all BMW K models. In 1993 ABS was first introduced on BMW’s boxer line in the R1100RS. This has since be readily available as an option on the rest of BMW’s bike range.

In 1989, BMW introduced its type of a full-fairing athletics cycle, the K1. It was based on the K100 motor, but now with four valves per cylinder. Output is near 100 hp (75 kW).

In 1995, BMW stopped production of airhead 2-valve machines and relocated their boxer-engined range totally over to the 4-valve oilhead system earliest introduced in 1993.

During this time period, BMW launched several motorbikes including:

Roentgen Series (airheads) – R65GS, R80GS, R100GS, in addition to R100gspd, which was sold to commemorate the successful associated with popular Paris to Dakar cross-country race by a changed GS airhead BMW. This design is very coveted by BMW collectors and cross country ‘around the world’ people because of its reliability and ease of repair and fix.
R Series (oilheads) – R850R/GS/C, R1100S/RS/RT/R/GS/S, R1150R/RS/RT/GS/S, R1200C
F Show – F650 Funduro, F650ST Strada, F650GS, F650GS Dakar, F650CS Scarver
K Series – K1, K100, K100RS, K100RT, K75, K75C, K75S, K75RT, K1100RS, K1100LT, K1200RS, K1200LT, K1200GT.
C1 enclosed scooter

The R1200C, produced from 1997 to 2004, is BMW bike’s only entry into the Cruiser markets. At more end of this model lineup, the C1, made out of 2000 to 2002, ended up being an enclosed scooter, the only scooter to-be supplied on the market by BMW.

K series

On 25 September 2004, BMW globally launched a drastically redesigned K-series motorcycle, the K1200S, containing a brand new in-line four-cylinder, liquid-cooled system featuring 123 kW (165 hp). The K1200S is mostly designed as a brilliant Sport bike, albeit bigger and thicker as compared to closest Japanese rivals. Soon after the introduction of the K1200S, issues were found using the newer power-plant leading to a recall until the start of 2005, when corrective changes had been set up.

Within the ages following the publish of K1200S, BMW in addition has launched the K1200R nude roadster, and also the K1200GT athletics tourer, which started to can be found in supplier showrooms in springtime (March–June) 2006. All three brand-new K-series motorcycles derive from this new in-line four-cylinder engine, with slightly varying quantities of power. In 2007, BMW included the K1200R athletics, a semi-faired recreation touring type of the K1200R.

In October 2008, BMW established three brand new 1,300 cc K-series products: the K1300R, K1300S and K1300GT. The K1300 systems function a rise in motor ability of 136 cc, a rise in capacity to 175 hp (130 kW), newly fashioned fairings and an innovative new exhaust system.

Last year, BMW established two six-cylinder, 1,600 cc, K1600GT and K1600GTL motorbikes, the previous intended as a sport-tourer together with second as a luxury touring design. The system brings 160 hp (120 kW) and 129 lb*ft (175 N*m). They even offering transformative headlights, traction control, ABS, tire force screens, and multiple sound methods.
R show
R1200GS
2015 BMW R1200RT

In 2005, bicycles aided by the opposed-twin-cylinder “boxer” system are also refurbished. This new boxer displacement are 1,170 cc (71 cubic inches). The system is much more powerful, and all sorts of associated with the motorbikes that use it tend to be less heavy than their particular predecessors.

The initial bike to be established with this particular up-to-date engine ended up being the R1200GS dual-purpose motorcycle. The R1200RT tourer and R1200ST activities tourer observed briefly behind. BMW then launched the 175 kg (386 pound), 78 kW (105 hp) HP2 Enduro, additionally the 223 kg (492 lb), 100 hp (75 kW) R1200GS Adventure, each especially targeting the off road and adventure-touring motorcycle segment, correspondingly. In 2007, the HP2 Enduro ended up being joined up with because of the road-biased HP2 Megamoto fitted with modest alloy rims and street tyres.

In 2006, BMW established the R1200R and the R1200S, which will be rated at 81 kW (109 hp) @ 7,500 rpm.

In 2014, BMW introduced a completely new R1200RT with 125 hp (92 kW) at 7,750 rpm, 92 lb/ft (125 Nm) torque at 6,500 rpm, and a damp clutch.

In 2015 BMW introduced within the R1200RT keyless ignition in addition to “San Marino blue” colors.
F series
F 800S

BMW has additionally paid attention to the F Series in 2006. They decreased the cost on the present F650GS and F650GS Dakar, and eliminated the F650CS Scarver to create place when you look at the lineup the all-new F800 show. The latest motorbikes is running on a parallel twin engine, built by Rotax. They function either a belt drive program, much like the buckle drive located on the now defunct F650CS, or string drive. In the beginning, BMW established two models of the latest F800 show, the F800S sport bicycle therefore the F800ST sport tourer; these were followed by F650GS and F800GS dual-purpose motorcycles, both of which use the 798 cc motor inspite of the different brands.
Grams series
G650 Xchallenge enduro

In October 2006, appropriate a nomenclature change, BMW revealed the G a number of offroad design motorcycles co-developed with Aprilia. These were built with an uprated single-cylinder water-cooled 652 cc fuel-injected system making 53 hp (40 kW), like the one suited to the single-cylinder F650GS, and designed with sequence drive. At first, there were three products inside show, all created for BMW by Aprilia within their North Italian Scorz Plant, each centered on a slightly different marketplace:

G650 Xchallenge hard enduro featuring 21 inch front side and 18 inches backside spoked rims
G650 Xcountry scrambler / adventure sports featuring 19 inches front side and 17 inches rear spoked rims
G650 Xmoto road moto / supermoto featuring 17 inch throw alloy wheels.

The G450X, a hard-enduro was launched in 2007, and stopped this season.

After 2010 BMW launched the G650GS, an extensively facelifted and reworked version of the first F650GS.
HP2 Show

1st is the 175 kg (386 pound), 105 hp (78 kW) HP2 Enduro, followed by the road-biased HP2 Megamoto fitted with smaller alloy wheels and street tyres in 2007.

In April 2007, BMW launched its return to competitive roadway rushing, entering a factory employees with a “Sport Boxer” form of the R1200S to four 24-hour stamina races. In 2008 they revealed this since the HP2 athletics.
S1000RR
Main article: BMW S1000RR

The S1000RR try a sport cycle launched to participate within the 2009 Superbike World Championship. It is run on a 999 cc (61 cu in) inline-four engine making 193 bhp (144 kW).
Husqvarna acquisition

In 2007, BMW acquired Husqvarna motorbikes, like its manufacturing business and workforce, from Italian producer MV Agusta. On 31 January 2013, BMW launched that Pierer Industrie AG has bought Husqvarna for an undisclosed amount, that may never be uncovered by either party in the future.

You will find currently four lines of BMW motorcycles:

F & grams show singles
F series twins
R series
K-series

The sets differ primarily inside course of system that every uses.
F and G series singles

The F Series of single-cylinder BMW motorbikes was established in 1994, as F650, and was built by Aprilia around a carbureted 650 cc four-stroke, four-valve, single piston motor, and sequence drive. The mission for F 650 would be to provide an entry levels BMW motorcycle. In 2000, the F650 is redesigned, now with fuel shot, and labeled the F650GS. An off-road focused F650 Dakar model has also been established that seasons. 2002 spotted the extension of the F650CS ‘Scarver’ bike toward fall into line. The Scarver ended up being distinctive from the F650GS variants for the reason that it utilized a belt drive program in opposition to a chain, have a much reduced seat height, and had been meant for on-road use. All F650 motorcycles created from 2000 to 2007 put a 652 cc engine integrated Austria by Rotax and had been built by BMW in Berlin.

In late 2006, the G group of offroad biased bicycles motorbikes was launched using the exact same 652 cc system suited to the F650GS, although that system isn’t any much longer produced by Rotax. Modern version of the 652cc single system built in the latest G650GS is currently stated in Berlin after a couple of years production in Loncin, Asia.

In November 2007, the G450X athletics enduro motorcycle was launched utilizing a 450 cc single-cylinder motor. The G450X included a few technical improvements across Japanese off roadway race motorbikes nevertheless many strange and considerable is the utilization of one pivot aim when it comes to drive sprocket and also the swing arm. This strange configuration allowed for a really tense drive string without any slop and removed acceleration squat. The previous benefit spares on chain and sprocket wear as well as the latter permits an even more consistent drive geometry and totally available rear suspension travel during heavy speed.
F series twins

In mid-2006, The F Series included two latest motorbikes to the lineup, the F800S recreations bicycle and F800ST sports tourer, both designed to use an 798 cc parallel-twin motor built by Rotax. Both motorcycles in addition function a belt drive system like what was being used regarding F650CS. In 2007 the single-cylinder F650GS had been replaced using twin-cylinder F800GS and F650GS brands. The latter utilizes a de-tuned form of the 798 cc engine suited to the F800GS, establishing a departure from BMW’s naming convention.
Roentgen series flat-twins
Four different BMW airhead and oilhead valve covers
1954 R68’s two-fin device cover

The roentgen series are built around a horizontally compared flat-twin (boxer) system. Whilst the engine are installed with a longitudinal crankshaft, the cylinder minds protrude really beyond the sides associated with the framework. Originally, R show bikes have air-cooled heads but they are now created just with partial oil cooling or water air conditioning. The kind of internal combustion motor air conditioning put throughout the different R show machines causes the utilization of the identifying names airhead and oilhead.
Airheads

Airheads were BMW motorcycles with an air-cooled flat-twin motor that were built from 1923 to 1995. More airheads created from 1969 to 1995 made use of the BMW 247 motor, although 248/1 machines were utilized on mid-sized R-series motorcycles from 1978 to 1993. Also high-performance motorbikes, including the R90S made use of the 247 motor; and its own successor, the R100RS, is fitted with an oil colder.
Oilheads

An “Oilhead” try a name to describe BMW flat-twin motorcycle motors with partial oil-cooling, and differentiate these motors from the earlier in the day air-cooled “Airhead” versions. The Oilhead’s finned cylinders need standard air-cooling, but the four-valve cylinder-heads is oil-cooled. Unlike previous BMW boxers which have one camshaft when you look at the crankcase (variously above or below the crankshaft), the Oilhead features a camshaft in each mind. (it’s still officially an ohv motor as opposed to a genuine sohc unit, because the camshaft holds onto extremely short pushrods which operate valve rockers). In 2013, BMW introduced water-cooling to its boxer number.
Water-cooled boxer motors

From 2014, some BMW bicycles have actually water-cooled-heads, but (such as the oilheads), the latest engines however utilize air-cooling for the cylinders. The inlets are now over the cylinder (perhaps not about as before) plus the exhausts tend to be below (not any longer ahead).
Roentgen series singles

Involving the introduction of this R39 in 1925 and the discontinuation for the R27 in 1967, BMW made motorbikes with single-cylinder engines. We were holding comparable in build to their larger flat-twin motorcycles, including the use of shaft drive, however the motor had been attached vertically within the frame.
K-series straight motors

The K series BMWs need water-cooled engines of three (K75), or four (K100, K1100, K1200, K1300), or six (K1600) cylinders. Up until 2004, all K series machines, whether three or four cylinders are that the initial “flying brick” layout, so called as a result of additional look associated with the engine. The design of those earliest K engines is unique within motorcycling because the motor try attached lying on their part, with the crank from the right side of this cycle in addition to cylinder minds and device equipment in the remaining. This format had the advantage of enabling the drive system to own only one 90-degree translation inside the best drive housing, possibly reducing drive train losses. All initial format K engines were in addition mated to a dry automotive-type clutch. The consistent utilization of the standard K engine stopped using the K1200 designs in 2005, with a new 1200 series system which was radically distinct from the traveling brick in that it absolutely was the standard transversely 55-degree slant-mounted four-cylinder motor paired to a wet clutch and a unitary building gearbox. It had been currently in addition that the K bike shaft drive moved from the right-side to the left. Regardless of this newer motor, the original flying stone K system continuing in service utilizing the giant K1200LT luxury touring cycle until 2009, where aim the traveling brick bowed down together with the K1200LT. It was the function that presaged the development of the greatest K motor in terms of dimensions and complexity, the six-cylinder K1600 show fitted to the K1600GT and GTL products.
BMW K100 bike system circa 1986

The very first K-series production bike was the K100, that was launched in 1983. In 1988, BMW introduced the K1 which had the Bosch Motronic gas injections program.

From 1985 to 1996, the K75 740 cc three-cylinder motor ended up being created.

In 1991, BMW enhanced the displacement regarding the K100 from 987 cc to 1,097 cc and also the model designation became the K1100. The K1100LT is the very first aided by the brand-new motor displacement. In 1998 BMW increasing the size once more to 1,170 cc. This enhanced level four engine appeared in the K1200RS. This motor continued in manufacturing for the K1200LT number, with a power improving upgrade in 2004, through to the end associated with LT production run.

The later K1200 motor try a 1,157 cc transverse inline-four, launched in 2003 and first seen into the 2005 K1200S. This new system makes 123 kW (165 hp) and it is tilted forwards 55 degrees. Its 43 cm (17 in) wider, giving the bicycles a rather lower center of mass without decreasing greatest slim angles.

In October 2008, BMW announced the brand new K1300GT, K1300S and K1300R products, all of these feature a larger capability 1293 cc engine creating to 175 hp (130 kW). The new system produces greatest power production 1,000 RPM lower than the earlier system, creating much more torque due in part from a butterfly flap fitted in the exhaust.

In 2011, BMW established the K1600 range—the K1600GT and K1600GTL—featuring a 1,649 cc (100.6 cu in) straight-six motor, which is installed transversely throughout the framework. The system is angled forward by 50. The system ended up being initially applied to the idea 6, a thought bike that has been revealed within 2009 EICMA Milan engine tv show. BMW promises your engine at 560 mm (22 in) large, just 67 mm (2.6 in) wider versus K1300 system, is the narrowest six-cylinder motor ever before produced. Cylinder bore try 72.0 mm (2.83 in) in addition to length between cylinder centers 77 mm (3.0 in). The camshaft are hollow, with cam lobes pressed on, which saves around 2 lb (0.91 kg). The engine possess electric throttle controls and numerous drive modes which can be put relating to road problems.

Rear suspension
Single-sided rear suspension

Initial BMW monolever suspensions starred in 1980 on then-new R80G/S range. They have a single universal joint instantly behind the engine/gear-box product. This system is later included on updated variations of K & R show.
Paralever

Paralever try another advance in BMW’s single-sided rear suspension technologies (photo right). They decouples torque reaction as suspension system compresses and expands, steering clear of the tendency to squat under braking and decreasing tyre chatter on the highway exterior. It was launched in 1988 R 80 GS and roentgen 100 GS motorbikes.
Revised, inverted Paralever on a R1200GS

In 2005, combined with the introduction of the “hexhead”, BMW inverted the Paralever and relocated the torque arm from base towards the top of the drive shaft housing (image appropriate). This decrease underhang of equipment and will augment ground approval in correct slim.

The definition of “Paralever” was a portmanteau word from “Parallelogram” and “Lever”. The “lever could be the swinging arm; therefore the “parallelogram” may be the shape involving the four aspects of the trunk suspension system (back drive, drive shaft, transmission, and reduced or top support). Various other motorcycle producers have actually patented comparable styles, like Arturo Magni for MV Agusta and Moto Guzzi’s Compact Reactive Shaft Drive.
Front suspension
Telescopic fork

In 1935, BMW fitted the initial mass-produced hydraulically damped telescopic hand to its R12 and R17 motorbikes. BMW still makes use of telescopic forks these days on its F-series, G-series, HP, and S1000RR motorbikes.

The R-series, which had utilized only the Telelever therefore the Duolever front suspensions for a long time, features partially returned to telescopic forks when you look at the 2015 model year using introduction of the R 1200 roentgen and R 1200 RS.
Earles fork
Earles hand on a BMW R60/2

Englishman Ernest Earles designed a unique triangulated hand that, unlike telescopic forks, resists the side-forces introduced by sidecars. BMW fitted the Earles hand to all or any their versions for 14 years from 1955. In case, this was the entire year that use of sidecars peaked and rapidly dropped down in most European areas (e.g. the UK) although Earles fork system was popular by solamente riders too. They trigger the leading end regarding the bike to rise under braking — the opposite associated with the action of a telescopic fork. The technical power of this build occasionally turned out to be a weakness on other countries in the bike, since it transfers impact force toward framework where problems is much more tough and high priced to improve.
Telelever fork
BMW’s Telelever front side suspension system on a R1150R

Manufactured by Saxon-Motodd in Britain during the early 1980s, the Telelever hand is designed to develop handling security during cornering and braking. The Telelever utilizes standard telescopic forks, nevertheless stanchions contain best lubricating oils. Springing and damping features were managed by a monoshock attached with a “Telelever” wishbone. The wishbone pivots regarding the front side for the engine block, while the wishbone’s forward end is affixed via a rose-joint to a brace connecting the fork sliders. As there’s no reduced triple clamp, the fork sliders is longer and less heavy than on a conventional telescopic fork, as well as the greater slider/tube overlap decrease both torsional flex and unsprung body weight.

The Telelever system’s primary perks is the fact that they distinguishes the steering work through the braking and suspension system functions Braking forces are taken back via the wishbone, therefore eliminating brake diving. During braking, the trail and castor direction (rake) increases instead of lowering as with conventional telescopic forks.Some bikers always traditional forks stated that the Telelever can at first lack “feel”, which the lack of dive try initially disconcerting; however the R1100S BoxerCup Replika (a model having its very own competition series) indicates that the Telelever hand provides receptive and predictable maneuvering.

The definition of “Telelever” try a portmanteau keyword from “Telescopic fork” and “Lever”; the “lever” becoming the wishbone supply.
Duolever
The top the Duolever suspension system

In 2004, BMW announced the K1200S, incorporating an innovative new forward suspension in relation to a design by Norman Hossack. BMW recognised this fact but compensated Hossack no royalties. BMW named their new-front suspension the Duolever. Since 2009, the Duolever is on the K1300S, K1300R and K1300GT.

The official BMW Motorrad description of this duolever include this:

The main advantage of this front-wheel suspension regarding the bike market at the moment is their torsional rigidity. The BMW Motorrad Duolever front-wheel suspension system isn’t impacted by unfavorable causes very much the same as a regular telefork whoever set and take-off tubes twist laterally and longitudinally during jounce/rebound and steering. Their two trailing backlinks soak up the forces caused by the jounce/rebound and keep carefully the wheel provider stable. Therefore, any torsioning try omitted while the front-wheel suspension system is very accurate. The steering instructions of the rider is transformed directly therefore the comments from the front-wheel try transparent in all travel problems.
A kinematical anti-dive influence is also reached, equally for the Telelever, as a result of the arrangement of this trailing connect bearings. While the standard telefork during strong braking manoeuvres jounces heavily or locks, the Duolever still has sufficient spring vacation continuing to be within circumstance and therefore the driver can still brake to the place extremely late yet directionally stable.


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